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MAKYLAND 
HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 

Vol. XIV. SEPTEMBBB, 1919. No, 3. 



THE EDEIS AND VIRGINIA BEEKLEY* MEMOEIAL 
COLLECTION OF WASHINGTON PEINTS 



[Hie social, moral and political inpTeesion made by the " Father of His 

Country," not only upon his own, tout upon all autosequent times down to 
the present, has occasioned a degree of interest in him in the public mind 
unequalled by any other man that has lived in ancient or present days. 

As a result this popularity, and particularly from the fact that Wash- 
ington Ideals constitute the highest forms of Liberty, compreheinded in the 
aflbihty of an individual to use his brain and brawn to the best advantage 
for himself and for his Starte, has be«i recognized not only in numerous 
X)ortraitures from life, bnt also in tbe reproduction from these, by processee 
of engraving, of more likenesses of Washington than of any other man the 
world has ever seen: Over seven hundred copper plates are known, and to 
these several hundred variations are to be added, maldng the total list 
well over a thousand. 

The Inspiration for the present collection, now tendered as a perBianent 
loan to the Maryhmd Historical Society, came from the late Kichard D. 
Fisher, gentleman of the old school, hlMiojdiile, ILCterateur, and ardont 
mranber of the Society, at a. time when the writer was invalided for several 
months, and iwaa looking for some indoor occupation and amusement a 
little out of the ordinary run, and aocordingly fraught with new interests. 
Mr. Fisher started the collection himself by presenting me with several 
Washington Prints taken out of scrap-books belonging to his father, and 
by placing me in communication wi'th such dealers in engravings as he 
jcnew to be reliable. Out of this SMidest beginning the collection gradually 
arose; and many Summer vacations bad zest added to tiiem huKting priats 
in the shops of Boston, Salem, Newfburyport, Canaan, AnnajMlis, Philadel- 
phia and other towns. Philad^hia and its environs were found to be a 



* Of Fairfax County, Va. 



205 



206 



MAKTLAKD HISTOKICAL MAGAZIKE. 



truly wonderful hunter's paradise; alas, now departed like most of the good 
things of this life, for as the years have passed fewer and fewer prints were 
to be found, and eventually they almost disappeared. 

However, it would seem that the writer entered the Washington print 
iield at a propitious znoment, as in comparatively a few years a consider- 
able number were brou^t together. Additions were made from the auction 
sales, and the Mittihell, Carson and Whelan collections all have representa- 
tives in the present one. This collection is particularly fortunate in 
including nearly all the Maryland imprints, also in containing the beautiful 
quarto-sheet hy Gimhrede (69), found in New Orleans in perfect condition; 
the Haines and the Hinton mezzotints colored an oils (120-202), the three 
Heath prints, known as the regular, the feke and the American (123 
et seq.), the Savage (122), called the Frog Wasiiingtan, from some fancied 
reseioiblflnce to the head of that ajsphiUous animal, and so on through a 
consideraible list. It is deflteient in examples of the C. W. and James Peale, 
also in the Edward Birch types, and it is to he hoped that owners of single 
examples of these engravers not now in the collection will he induced to add 
them, and gradually establish a Washington Room in the building of the 
Historical Society, not alone for prints, but also for furniture, silverware, 
Xwrcelains, and other memorials of Colonial Days. — Henkt J. Biiiaai:;.] 



CHAHUSS W. PEALE TYPE 

1. Gen. Washington. Fnll bast in uniform, head to left, 

the right hand, gloved, thrust in the breast. Circle with 
border upon a pyramidal base, in a rectangle to represmt 
stonework. 

Hraght 5 13/16", tndtk 3 11/16". Line. 

Wm. Angus Sc. Pub. Sept. 23rd, 1788, by J. Fielding, Pater 
Noster Row. [History of the Wax with America, etc., by John An- 
drews, LoBdon, 1785.] "Btket 3. 

2. Washington at the Age of Twenty-five. Bust in uniform. 

Head to right. Oval. 

Height 2 13/16", width 2 5/16". Line. 
J. de Mare, Sc. From a miniatnre on ivory presented by Wash- 
ington to his niece, Harriet, and now belonging to her daughter's 
fsmily. [Life of Qeo. Wedhkgton, by Washington Irring, 1851.] 

3. Duplicaiej Proof. Baker 8. 



BBEKLBY COLLECTIOIf OF WASHIBTGTON PEIUTS. 207 



4. G. Washington in 1772, aet. J^O. Three-quarter length in 
the uniform of a Colonel in the Virginia Service. 
Vignette. 

Height 5 14/16", width 3 8/16". Stipple. 
C. W. Peale, Px. J. B. Forrest, Sc. Original in the possession of 
G. W. P. Custis, Esq. N. Y., G. P. Putnam and Co. [Life of George 
Washington, by Washii^on Irving. 1856-59.] Baker 11. 

6. Le General Washington, Commandant en Chef des Armees 
Americaines, ne en Virginie en 17 SS. Bust in -onifonn, 
head to right. Oval, with a border in a rectangle, resting 
upon a tablet, in which is a representation of the surrender 
at Yorktown, inscribed, " Joumee memorable du 19 Oc- 
tobre 1781, a York en Virginie." Title within the border. 

Height 7 13/16", width 5 8/16". Line. 
Grave d'apres le tableau de N. Piehle peint d'apres Nature a Phila- 
delphie en 1783. [Lavater's Essais sax la Physiognomie, la Haye, 
1781.] Bare. Btker 14. 

6. S. E. George Washington, General en Chef des Armees des 

Stats JJnis de I'Amerique. Full bust in uniform, full 
face, the right hand gloved, thrust in the breart. Oval 
with border, resting on a base in a rectangle. 

Height 10 5/16", width 7". Line. 
Le B. pinx. J. L. Sc. [Lavater's Mmais am la Physiognomie, la 
Haye, 1781-86.] Baker 18. 

7. Georges Washington, Esqr. General en Chef de I'Armee 

Anglo-Americaine. Nome didaieur par le Congres en 
Fevrier 2777. EtiU bust in uniform and cocked hat, head 
to left, a drawn sword partly seen on lie left. Oval with 
border in a rectangle, resting upon a hase, the Title in a 
tablet upon the base. 

Height 6 4/16", width 4 8/16". Line. 
Desrais del. Le Beau Sc. A Paris chez Banaults et Eapilly, rue 
St. Jaqnes, a la Ville de Contances. Rare. Baker 19. 

8. George Washington. Commandeur en Chef of j. Armies 

of y. United States of America. Bust in uniform, with 



208 



MABTLAND HISTOEICAI. MAGAZINE. 



black neckerchief, head to left. Oval with border in a 
rectangle over a tablet in which is the title. Over the oval 
a rattlesnake and Liberty with the legend, " Don't tread 
on me." On the side oUve and laurel branches, etc. On 
the flag to the right 13 stars. 

Height 6 3/16", width 4 7/16". Line. 
Engraved by W. Sharp from the original picture. Pablished in 

London according to the act of Parliament, Feb. 22d, 1780. [A 

poetical Epistle to his Excellency Geoi^e Washington, Esquire, etc. 

From an inhabitimt of the State of Maryluid, etc. Annapolis, 1779. 

London: Te>-printed, 1780.] Yetj mte. Btkec 36. 

9. Gml. Washington. Bust in uniform, with black handker- 

chief. Head to right, vignette. 

Height 2 4/16", width 2". StippU. 
Jas. Newton Sc. Rare. Baker 25. 

10. Washington aet. JfO. Th^ee^Juarte^ length in the uniform 
of a Colonel of the Virginia Service, a landscape back- 
ground. 

Height 4 11/16", width 3 13/16". Une. 

Eng. by J. W. Paradise from a picture by J. W. Chapman after 
Peale. [The wiitii^s of George Washington. By Jared Sparks. 
Boaton, 18M.] Bi^ 27. 

11. WasTwrngton in, 1772, aet. J^O. Three-quarter length in the 
uniform of a Colonel in the Vir^nia Service. 

Height 5 9/16", width 4 5/16". lAne. 
Painted by a Dickinson. Eng. by J. W. Steel [Graham's Maga- 
gine, 1833]. Baker 36. 

12. General Washington. Bust in uniform, head to right. 
Oval, with border in a rectangle, engraved to represent 
stone work. Beneath the oval a tablet and the Washington 
arms, with the motto " Exitus Acta Probat." 

He%ht 6", width 3 10/16". Line. 
J. Tren^axd Sc. CehmUm ifi^ftmne, Phiksdelpfaia, Jany., 1787. 
Bsre. Btk«e "37. 



BKBKLET COLLECTION OF WASHINGTOK PBIWTS. 209 



13. G. Washirigton, General Der Noord-Americaanm. Bust 
in uniform, head to left. Inclosed in a border reeranbling 
a picture frame suspended over a pedestal (in a rectangle) 
upon which lies a hat, baton, etc. A curtain hangs over 
and conceals the upper comer of the frame. 

Height 5 10/16", -width 3 8/16". Line. 
Beinr. Vinkeles Sculpt, naar een origineel Schildery by den Wei. 
Ed. Heer P. Van Winter Nie: Z. [VaderJandisehe Historie, Vol. 1, 
pg. AaHstrardam, 1786.] Baher 39. 

14. Washington {Oeorges), President de la BeptAliqtie des 
Etats Unis D'Amerique Du Nord 1799. Full length in 
uniform, standing to the right, leaning by the left hand 
upon a field piece. In the rear an attendant with a horse 
and a flag partly displayed, upon which, in a circle 13 
stars. In the left distance a building with a cupola (Nas- 
sau Hall, Princeton), with some troops in the middle 
ground. 

Height 9 11/16", width 6 6/16". Mixed. 
Tableau du Temps. Grave par Wolfl. Dessine par Girardef, 
Galerie Historique de VersaiUes. (Paris, 1833). Baker 40. 

15. Oenl. Washington. Bust in uniform with black handker- 
chief. Head to right. Vignette. 

Height 4 6/16", width 3 10/16". Stipple. 
Pub. Nov. 1st, 1784 by Whitworth anfl Yates, Bradford street 
(Birmingham). Probably a modem impression from a very old 
plate, the paper Bsed m, howev^, of the e^hteenth century. 

Baker 42. 

IC. George Washington, Commander in Chief of the American 
Army. Oval with a border upon a base, in a rectangle. 

Height 5 11/16", width 3 6/16". Line. 
Engraved for the Universal Magazine. Printed for J. Hiaton at 
the Kings Arms in Paternoster Row. Baker 43. 

16%. Le General Washington. Ne Quid Detrimenti Capiat 
Bes Puhlica. Full dress in uniform. Standing to left in 
front of a tent, in his right hand a roll displaying sheets 



210 MABTLANI) HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 

inscribed " Declaration of Independence," " Treaty of 
AUiance, etc." His left hand gloved is thrust into the 
breast. Beneath his feet are various torn documents 
marked " Protection to Rebels," " Conciliatory Bills," etc. 
In the rear a negro servant with a horse, and in the ex- 
trwae right diatanoe, on the lower ground, an encampment. 

Height 16 10/16", wi*h 12 11/16". Line. 
Pdnt par L. le Paon. Grave par M. le Mire. Baker 21. 

CHAia.ES W. PEALE TYPE NOT FOUND IN BAKER 

17. GerU, Washington. Bust in uniform, head to right, vig- 
nette. On. the same sheet with a portrait of Dr. Franklia.. 
Bust, head to left with fur cap. Vignette. 

Each height 2 5/16", width 2". Stipple. 
Very rare. Caraon 69. 

18. Oenl. Washington. Bust in uniform with black necker- 
chief. Head one-quarter to right Oval, surrounded by a 
black border. 

Height 4 15/16", width 4 5/16". Mezeotinto. 

Pub. 15th July, 1784 by Whitworth and Yates, Birmingham. Un- 
known to Baker or Carson, possibly a modem impression o£ an 
nnsaed plate, Ihougfa the paper is Dutch ante 1800. Very rare. 

SBnilax to Carsoa 7d tkssgfa ^difeanng in mm and lettering. 

19. Washin^on's First Interview with Mrs. Gustis. Wash- 
ington in fuU uniform with sword at side, holding chapeau 
under left arm, bowing before Mrs. Custis, who is standing 
on the steps of her mansion. Negro servant with white 
horse in the background. 

He^ht 6 1/16" width 3 7/16". Line. 

Drawn by T. 0. C. Darley. :feg. by W. H. Ellis for Goiey's 
Lady's Book, 1846. 



BEEKLET OOI^LBCTIOK OF WABHIIf©T01T PlBD5fTg. 211 



R£»@itANDT PSA££ TYPE 

20. Washington. Bust three-quarters to right. Vignette. 

Height 4 3/16", width 4 6/16". Stipple. 
Rembrandt Peale. H. B. HaU, New York, G. P. Putnam. [Life 
of Geoi^e Washington, by Washington Irving. New York, 1856.] 

Baker 381. 

21. Washington. Biist, head three-quarters to right. Vig- 
nette. 

Height 4 3/16", width 4". Line. 

Eng. by H. B. Hall, New York, 1865. Aftra- a painting by Rem- 
brandt Peale. [Wft^iingtomana. Bea|^, B^bury, Mass., 1865.] 

Baker 382. 

22. 0. Washington. Full bust, head three-quarters to right. 
Oval, with border surrounded by an oak wreath in a rect- 
angle, the whole engraved to represent stone-work. A cloak 
or mantle hangs over the front of the oval, with a colossal 
antique head as keystone. Seneath the oval, the words 
" Patriae Pater." 

Height 19", width 15 2/16". Ueggotinto. 
Rembrandt Peale, Pinxt. AdaM B. Walter, Sculpt. Published by 
C. N. Robinson, no. 248 Chestnut street, Philadelphia. Baker 384. 

REMBRANDT PEALE MTHOGRAPflS 

23. G. Washington, Bom Feb. 22nA, 1782, Died Dec. IJfth, 
1799. Bust, head three-quarters to left. 

Height 7 10/16", width 5 1/16". Lithograph. 
Rembrandt Peale, Pinx. lath, of P. Haas, Washington City, 
1838. Early and most ezeellmt ^eeimen of the w(xck. of this early 
artist on stone. 

24. George Washington. 

Height 5 14/16", width 5". Autotype. 
From the original painting by Rembrandt Peale never before 
engraved. E. Bienrtadt, New Y<a-k. 



212 r Mjkm%A«3 mtKHimoATj m»^mss-b. 



JAMES wmmm Ttm 



25. G. Washington. Bust in uniform. Head nearly in pro- 
file to right. Vignette. 

Haght 3 4/16", mdth 3". Lme. 

Eng. by H. B. Hall, New York, 18S5. J. Peale, Pinx, 1788. 
(Private plate.) Baker 111. 

26. Peale Type. Angelica Peale Crowning Washington. 

Height 4 13/16", width 6 14/16". Woodcut. 
A. Bobbett. Darley, Pinx. 



ROBERT E. PINE TYPE 



27. Washington. Half length in uniform, head three-quarters 
to left The right hand rests upon a walking stick. Vig- 
nette. 

Height 5 8/16", width 4". Stipple. 

H. B. Hall. From the original picture from life by Robert Edge 
Pine taken in 1785. [In possession of J. Caison Breevort, Esq., 
Brooklyn, N. Y. Eng. for Irving's Washington. New York, 1856.] 

Baker 98. 



28. O. Washington. Bust in uniform, head three-quarters to 
left. Oval, in a frame adorned with laurel leaves, resting 
in a base in a rectangle. At the top of the frame " E Plu- 
ribus Unum," and beneath it an open scroll containing fac- 
simile autographs of the signers. 

Height 8 9/16", width 6 4/16". Stipple. 

Painted by A. Chappel. Eng. by Q. R. Hall. From the original 
portrait by Pine in the poseesHon o£ J. Carson Breevort, Esq. 
(Copyright 1856.) 



29. Duplicate. 



Baker 99. 



BEEKLET COLLECTION OF WA8Hm«T0»^ PBIITTS. 21S 



wnMAM mmm hvfe 

:iO. Oeo. Washington. Full bust, head three-quarters to right. 
Oval, with narrow border, in the upper part of a rectangle. 
An eagle with a laurel wreath, rests upon the top of the 
oval, and around the sides and base are flags, laurel 
branches and war embloois. Over the eagle a circlet with 
tem stars. The title in a tablet in l^e rectangle. 

Height 6 6/16", width 3 13/16". Stipple. 

Edwin Sc. [American Artillerist's .Companion, or Elements of 
Artillery. By Louis de TouMurd. Biiladelphia, 1809.] Baker 385. 

31. Oeorge Washington, Ne a Bridges Creeh le 22 fevrier 
17S2, Mort le H decemhre 1799. Bust, head three-quar- 
ters to right. Oval, with border, in the upper part of a 
rectangle, above a tablet in which is the title. 

Height 5 11/16", width 3 11/16". Line. 

A Paris, ehez Menard & Desenne, rue Git-le-Cojur, No. 8. 

Baker %8. 

32. Qeorge Washington. Full bust, head three-quarters to 
right. Oval. 

Heigh 3 10/16", widtti 3 14/16". Modem process. 

Reproduced in the original size from the miniature owned by the 
heirs of Dr. James McHenry. Copyright 1907, the Burrows Bros. Co. 

MADAME BREHAN TYPE 

33. George Washington. Ne en Virginie le 11 fevrier 17S2. 
Profile head to left, laureated. Circular medallion in the 
upper part of a rectangle. The title in a tablet. 

Height 5 12/16", width 4". Stipple. 

Grave apres le camee peint par Madame de Brehan, a Newyork en 
1789. Dirige par P. F. Tardieu. Grave par Roger. [Voyage dans 
la Haute Pennsylvania, etc. Paris, 1801.] Rare. Baker 113. 



214 



MABTLAiro HISTOMCCAI- MAGAZINE, 



AUIXANDER CMIffmUj HYPE 

34. General Washington. Bust in uniform and cocfced hat^ 
head three-quarters to left. Oval, wilh horder engraved to 
r^resent stone-work. 

Height 4 4/16", width 3 6/16". Line. 

Eng. for Murray's History of the American War. Printed for T. 
Bobson, Neweastle-up<Hi-Tyne. {LoB&m, 1782.) Baker 56. 

35. Gen. George Washington. Full bust in uniform, head to 
right. Oval with a square border upon a basre, in a rect- 
angle engraved to represent stone-work. A wreath tied by 
a ribbon, extends from the top of the border down each side. 

Height 5 9/16", width 3 7/16". Line. 

[The History of America from its First Discovery by Columbus 
to the Conclusion of liie late War. By William RuBsell, LL. D. 
London, 1779.] 

36. George Washington, Esqr. General en Chef de I'Armee 
Anglo-Amenquedne, nomme Dictateur par le Gongres en 
fevrier, mi. Full bust, in uniform and cocked hat, a 
drawn sword partly visible on the left. Oval, with border 
in a rectangle, ornamented with war emblems, etc. 

Height 6 4/16", -nidth 4 8/16". Line. 

A Paris, chez Esnauts et Rapilly, rue St. Jacques, a la Ville de 
Contances, A. P. D. E. Bare. Baker 58. 

GUESBPPE CMIACCHI TYPE 

37. Washington. Bust, upon a pedestal, head nearly in profile 
to left. Vignette enclosed by a single line. 

Height 3 9/16", width 2 14/16". Stipple. 

Drawn by J. G. Chapman from the original bust by Ceracohi. 
Eng. by J. F. E. Prud'homme. [A Life of Wellington. By James 
K. Pauld^, New York, 18^.] Baktar 167. 



BEBKLBT COLLECTION OF WASHIir©TON PBIKTS. 215 



WILLIAM WJNLAP TYPB 

S8. Ge&rge Washington, Full bust in tiniform, liead three- 
quartes to right. 

Height 3 12/16", width 2 6/16". Mezsotinto. 
Bobin Sc. From the picture in po8seesi(»i of S. C. Ellis, "Sew 
Tork. l^lMB Dexter, 564 Broadway, New York. Btker 73. 

JEAN ANTOINE HOUDON TYPE 

39. Washington. Profile head and bust, to right in a rectangle. 

Height 5", width 4". Stipple. 
Drawn by J. Wood from Houdon's bnst. Eng. by Leney. Pub. 
by Joseph Delaplaine, Chestnut street, Philadelphia, 1814. [Dela- 
plaine's Eepository of the Lives and Portraits of Distinguished Am- 
erican Characters. Phila., 1815]. Sides cut close. Baker 183. 

40. Geo. Washington. Full figure in uniform, standing upon 
a pedestal. Head in profile to left. The right hand rests 
upon the folds of a military cloak thrown over the ends of 
a bundle of fasces, and the left upon a walking stick. 
Vignette. 

Height 6", width 2 8/16". Stipple. 
Prom the statue by Houdon in the Capitol, Richmond, Va. Da- 
guerrotyped from the statue. Geo. Paj-kra:. G. P. Putnam & Co. 

Baker 105. 

41. O. Washington. Profile head and bust, to right. Vignette. 

Height a 8/16", width 1 8/16." Stipple. 
Prom Houdon's bust. Eng. by G. T. Storm. [Life of Washing- 
ton, by Jared Sparks. Abridged by the author. Boston, 1840.] 

Baker 107. 

42. G. Washington. Head in profile to left, the hair flowing 
and tied by a ribbon. Circular medallion. Title on the 
left. 

Diameter 3". Line. 
Dessine et grave d'apres Houdon par Alexander Tardieu. Depose 
la Bibliotheque National le 9 Y^demmre an. 9. A Paris, cfaez . 



216 



MAKTLAND HISTORICAL KAGAZIKi;. 



Alex. Tardieu, Gr. de la Miirine, rue de lUniversite no. 296 au Depot 
National de Ufa^ne. Ram. Baker lOS. 

48. Georgia Washington. Svpremo Dvci Exerdtvvn Adser- 
tori Libertatis. Comitia, Americana,. Profile head, and 
bust to right. Circular medallion in a ruled rectangle. 

Height 4 7/16", width 3 5/16". Line. 
W. L. Onasby Se. Wadyragtoniana Vita. Carson 205. 

44. Georgia Washington. Svpremo Dvci Exerdtvvn Adser- 
tori Libertatis, Comitia Americana. Prt^Ie head and 
bust, to right. Circular medallion. 

Diameter 2 10/16". 
Machine engraving. Title page of "The National Porlrait Gal- 
lery," 1834. D. A. Vivmc. Pw*^ IVance. Cexam 206. 



CHRISTIAN GULAGER TYPE 



45. George Washington. Head and bust, three-qasrters to 
right. Oval in a rectangle. 

Height 4 10/16", width 3 13/16". Line. 
Eng. by W. E. MarAall from a portrait by G^l^her belonging to 
E. Belknap, Esq. [Proeeeelmgs of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, 1855.] Baker 115. 



GILBERT STUART TYPE 



46. Washington. Bust, head to left. Vignette. 

Height 4 12/16", width 3 8/16". " Une. 

From the original painting by Staart, taken from life, in the pos- 
session of the Boston Athenteum. Eng. by Joseph Andrews, 1843. 

Baker 177. 

47. G. Washington. Bust, head to left. Vignette. 

Height 3", width 2 10/16". Une. 
Eng. by V. Balch from a painting hy Stuart. [The Presidents of 
the United States, their Memories and Administrations, New York, 
1850.] Bak«f 179. 



BEEKLEY COLLECTION OF WASHINGTON PRINTS. 2lY 



48. G. Washingtm. Full bust, head to left. Vignette. 

Height 5 8/16", width 4 8/16". Stipple. 
Painted hy G. Stuart. Eng. hy J. G. Bather, Jr. Baker 182. 

49. 0. Washington. Bust to right, head turned to the left. 

Height 4 8/16", width 3 3/16". Une. 

Dalla Libera Px. J. W. Bmiman Set. Miinehmi. Printed and 
pub. by A. Lange at BaimatadL Bak^ 183. 

50. O. Washington. Pull bust, head to left. Vignette. 

Height 5", width 4 4/16". Mezzotinto. 
G. Stuart. Eng. by J. C. Buttre. Baker 188. 

51. General Washington. Bust in uniform, head to right. 
J. Chapman Sc. Pub. as the Act directs Mch. let, 1800. Stipple. 

Early state of this plate. Baker 193. 

52. Georgia Washington. Full bust to right (Lanadowne). 

Height 5", width 3 9/16". Line. 
Stuart pz. Dall' Acqua Ine. [Storia della Guerra ddl' Indepen- 
dmza d«f li Stati Uniti. Carlo Botta. Mkao, ISOi.] Baker 197. 

53. Watihmgton. Bust, head to left (Lanadowne). Vignette. 

Height 3 8/16", width 3". Etched. 
Vernier del. Lemaitre dir. Ddaistre Sc. Baker 199. 

54. George Wa^mgton. Full bust, head to right (LaiK- 
downe). 

Height 5", width 3 11/16". Une. 
Stuart pinz. Dupr6d Se. Bak^ 205. 

55. Washington. Full bust, head to left. Oval with arab- 
esque border; beneath the representation of a battle 
(Trenton). 

Height 8", width 5 8/16". Stipple. 
Stuart. Edwards. London, Geoi^e Virtue. Bako: 207. 



55. Duplicate. 



218 



MARYLAND HISTOEICAI, MAGAZINE. 



56. . Bust, head to left. Oval. 

Height 4 14/16", width 4 2/16". 
D. EdTvin feeit. Philadelphia. Pub. January 1st, 1800, by A. 
Dickens. [Geo. Washington to the People of the United States An- 
nouncing his Intention of Eetiring from Public Life. PhUa., 1800.] 
Alfio " WaeiiiBgtoaiaHa/' Laneaster, 1802. Baker 209. 

57. G. Washington. Full bust, head to left. 

Height 4 11/16", width 3 2/16". Stipple. 

D. Edwin Sc. [Life of Wa^iagtaa by John Marshall, Phila., 
1804.] A re-engraved plate. Var. Baker 210. 

58. Geo. Washington. Full bust, head to left. 

Hei^t 4 13/16", width 4". 
D. Edwin Sc. [Life of George Washington, Commander-in-Chief 
of the American Forces, etc. By John Marshall. Philadelphia, 
1804.] Baker 210. 

59. Washington. Full bust, head to left. Ornamental border. 

Height 8", widtii 5 6/16". Stipple. 
Edwin. Phila. Pub. by JoB^h Parker. Baker 211. 

60. Washington. Full bust, head to left. Omamental border. 

Height 8", width 5 6/16". 
Edwin. Eng. from Stuart's painting. Late impression. 

Ytsr. Baker 211. 

61. George Washington. General and Commander in Chief 
of the American Revolutionary Army and First President 
of the United States. Bust, head to right. Oval. 

Hei^t 4", width 3 5/16". Stipple. 
Edwin Sc. [An Essay on the Life of Washington, Commander- 
in-Chief, Etc. By Aaron Bancroft, A.A.S., Worcester, 1807]. 

Baker 212. 

62. Washington. "A Nations Joy." Full bust, head to left. 

Height 2 13/16", width 2 2/16". Stipple. 
Edwin Sc. [The life of General Geoi^ Wafiiington. By John 
Kingston, BaltimcKre, 1813.] Cut close to margin, no lettering. 

Baker 213. 



BEEKLEY COLLECTIO:rr OF WASHINGTOlir PEIITTS. 219 



63. Oeneral George Washington. Bust, head to right. 

Height 2 10/16", width 2". Une. 
Painted by Stuart. Eng. by William Ensom. London, pub. for 
the proprietor, Sept., 1822. [Walmsley's Physiognomical Portraits. 
London, 1824.] Baker 219. 



64. George Washington. Half-length, head to left (Lans- 
downe) . 

Hraght 8 14/16", width 6 9/16". Line. 

Prom fte <H:i^al painting by Stwart. John Tallis and Co., Lon- 
don. Var. Baker 222. 



65. Oeorgitts Washington. Bust to r^kt, head to left. 

Height 7", width 5". Line. 
Qt. Longhi dis. G. G. Pelsing inc. Proof without letters. 

Bflko: 223. 



66. George Washvngtonj First President of the Untied States 
&f America. Full bt»t, head to left. 

Height 5 8/16", width 4". Une. 
Stuart Pinx. Kttler Sc. Engraved by John Pittler, A. E. A., 
from the original picture by Ot. Stewart in the posseeeion of the moet 
Noble, the Marquis of Lansdowne. London, Pub. as the Act directs, 
May 15th, 1804, by Richard Phillips, no. 71 St. Paul's Church Yard. 
[Life of Qmcge WaMngton, by J^tu Marshall. London, 1804.] 

Baker 226. 

67. G. Washington. Half-length, head to right. 

Height 4 8/16", width 3 8/16". Stipple. 
(The engraving of Washington by Preeman, without name of 
engrave.) Painted by Stuart. Baker 227.. 

68. His Excellency George Washington, Liewt.-GenL. of the 
Armies of the United States of America. Three-qaarter 
length in uniform, seated. In the lower margin an eagle 
displayed, with shield, and motto " E Pluribus Unum." 

Height 11", width 8 10/16". Stipple. 
P. Bartoli pinx. J. Galland Sc. Baker 228. 



220 



MARYLAND HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



69. . Full bust in uniform, head to right. The upper 

one of a group of portraits in ovals, in an oblong quarto 
sheet, of Washington, Adams, Jefferson, and Madison, 
with a draped background. Over the Washington is a star 
containing thirteen leeeer on^, and above it the words, 
"American Star." 

, He^ht 4", width 3 5/16". Stipple. 

Whole plate, height 8 9A6", width 10 7/16". 

New York, designed, engraved and published by Thomas Qimbrede, 
Jany. 30th, 1812. Printed by Andrew Maveri«k. Mi^ifieent bril- 
liant imfflWflBira found m New Orleans. Baker ^1. 

70. GerU. George Washington. Full bust, head to left. 

Height 3 10/16", width 3 1/16". Stipple. 
Stuart px. Gimbrede se. [The Biography of the Principal Amer- 
ican Military and Naval Hn<o«b. By Thomas Wilson, New York, 
1817.] Bi*er 232. 

71. George Washington. Full bust, head to left. 

Height 7 3/16", width 6 2/16". Stipple. 
Drawn by B. Trott. Eng. by C. Gobrecht. [Cyclopaedia of Arts 
and Sdeeees. Abrabam BeoB. Am. edit., Phila., 1821.] 

Baker 235. 

72. Washington^ A Nation's Joy. Bust, head to left, on left 
breast the Order of the Cincinnati. 

Height 2 13/16", width 2 13/16". Stipple. 
G. Gbbreeht fe. [The New American Bic^aphioal Dictionary. 
J. Kii^ston, Baltimore, 1810.] Bare. Baker 234. 

73. Q. Washington. Bust, bead to left. Vignetta 

Height 4", width 3 8/16". Etched. 
From the painting by Gcilbert Stuart. Etched by H. B. Hall and 
S^, New York. Baker 241. 

74. Washington. Head to left. Vignette, with background 
ruled to a rectangle. 

Height 4 8/16", width 4". Etched. 
Etched by Alice Hall. Aet. 18, 1866. Baker 245. 



BBBKLET COLLECTIOIT OF WAtmm&TOS PBIHTS. 221 

75. Washington. Pull length, standing. The Tea-pot por- 
trait. Fully described in the print by J. K. Hills. [Of. 
Baier 252.] 

Meeeotint. 

G. Stuart Pinx. Eng. by J. Halpin. From the original picture 
in the State House at Hartford, Conn. Columbian Magazine, 1848. 
Pub. by Albert Muller, New York. Baker 246. 

76. General Washington. Full length, standing, head to left. 
The right arm extended as if in speaking, and a dress 
sword in the left hand, is held to his side. To the left, a 
table partly covered with a cloth, upon which an ink-stand 
and books; beneath the table, are also some books. To 
the right a little in the rear, an arm chair, and in the back- 
ground two rows of pillars, between which, is a curtain 
partly drawn up. Line. 

Height 18 13/16", -width 13". 
Painted by Gabriel Stuart, 1707. Eng. by James Heath, Histori- 
cal Engraver to His Majesty, and to His Royal Highness, the Prince 
of Wales. From the original picture in the collection of the Marquis 
of Lansdowne. Pub. Feby. 1st, 1800 by Jas. Heath, no. 42 Newman 
street. Messrs. Boydells, Cheapside, and G. P. Thompson, Great 
Newport street, Londcm. Copyr^ht eemved in the United States 
according to Law. Baker 260. 

77. Oenl. Washington. Bust, head to left (Lansdowne). 
Oval. 

Height 3 12/16", width 3". Stipple. 

Eng. by J. Heath from an original picture by Stewart. Pub. Oct. 
16th, 1807 by Cadell and Davies, Strand, London. [Ramsay's Life 
of Waehinfton, Lcmdon, 1807.] Baker 251. 

78. . Full length, the Lansdowne portrait. The cen- 
ter of a quarto sheet with the portraite of the Presidents 
to Jackson. 

Height 2 7/16", width 1 9/16". Line. 
J. H. Hills, Sc. The Presidents Mewt^es. Baker 253. 

79. Washington. Full bust, head to left. 

Height 5", width 4". Stipple. 
Eng. by W. Humphries. From a picture by Gilbert Stuart in the 
3 



222 



MJURTLASV HISTOSICjAJ:- MAGAZINB. 



possession of T. B. Barclay, Esqr., of Liverpool, under the superin- 
tendence of the Society for the diffusion of Useful Knowledge. Lon- 
don, pub. by Charles Knight, Lu%ate street. [The Gallery of Por- 
traits with Memoirs, 1833.] 

80. Gewge Wttshmgion. Bust, head to right. Vi^tette. 

Height 3", width 2". Stipple. 
D. C. Johnson Sc. [The Life of Geoi:ge Washington, First Presi- 
clent of the United States. Aaroa Bancroft, Boston, 1826.] 

Bakee: 266. 



81. : . Head to left. Oval with a narrow scroll border. 

Heading to an imperial folio sheet entitled " The Declara- 
tion of Independence and Portraits of the Presidents." 

Height 3", width 2 6/16". Stipple. 
Engraved and printed by Illman and Son, 603 Arch street, Phila. 
Ledger Carries' Amual Greeting to their Subscribers, 1859. 

Baker 264. 



82. DnpHcate. , . Baker 264. 

83. Q. Washmgton. Full bust, head to left. 

Hd^ht i a/16", width 3 12/16". Stip^. 

Painted by Stuart. Eng. by T. Kdly. Pub. by Samuel Walker, 
Washington street, Boston. Baker 268. 

83%. Washington at Valley Forge. Full figure on horseback 
in Military Costume. Face, nearly fuU to left. To the 
right two soldiers in Continental dostume. In the back- 
p^md a bastion upon whi<^ «(^ds a sentinel. 

Height 18", width 12". Line. 

Eng. by F. 0. C. Barley. Eng. by Hinselwood. Presented to the 
Subscribers of the Eclectic Magazine [n. d.] Carson. 



84. George Washington. FuU length. The " Tea-pot por- 
trait." Arched top. The centre of a folio sheet entitled 
" The Presidents of the United St«*es " and gurroun^ed 
by nine oval medallioos eemtainimg portraits of Adams, 



BBEKLET COM«OT10IT OF ■WASHINfU'eN PRINTS. 9IS3 



Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, J. R. Adams, Andrew Jack- 
sm, "Vlan Buren, Harrison and Tyler. 

6 22/16", wmt 4 14/16". Ime. 

G. Stuart del. Designed by C. H. H. Billings. Eng. by D. Kim- 
berley. Pub. by Charles A. Wakefield, no. 56 Comhill, Boston. 
(1M§). -Btkter m. 

85. G. Washington. Bust, h^d to left. Oval, with border in 
R lectangle. Beeteath the oval up(m a base, a helmet, 
sword and baton wil^ oak and laurel bc^adies. 

Height 6 7/16", width 4". ' Line. 

Barelet direxit. Lawson Sc. Pub. by B. Campbell and Co. From 
a copy painted by J. Paul. [Continuation of Hume's History, by a 
Society of Gmtlemen. f%itai., I7f8.5 Early impression. 

Baker 273. 



86. MupUcate. 

86^. His Excellency Oeorge Washington, Lieid.-Oerd. of the 
Armies of the United States of America. Three-quarter 
length in Uniform, Sitting, the Order of the Cincinnati on 
the left breast. A Sword lies in the right forearm and a 
Ohart in his hand, the left hand resting upon a ftect of it 
which is upon a table. A curtain drawn up at the right, 
reveals an encampment in the distance. In the lower mar- 
gin an Eagle displayed, with Shield and Motto, " E Pluri- 
bfis Unum." 

Height 11 3/16", -width 8 10/16". Stipple. 

F. Bartoli, Pinxt. D. Edwin, Sc. Reepectfally dedicated to the 
Lovers of 'Saek: Comatry •gmi 'tmi Supf>efters ei iki £le9ietit«M<m. 



87. Washington. Full bust, head to left. 

Height 3 8/16", widfli 2 14/16". StippU. 

Stuart px. Leney Sc. Engraved for the Washington Benevolent 
Society, New York, 1808. [Washington's Farewell Addrees to the 
People «f the Umted States.] 0A«r WS. 



224 MABYLAKD HiSTOEIOAL MAGAZINE. 

88. Oeorge Washington. Bust, head to left. Vignette. 

Height 4", -width 4". Stipple. 

Eng. by J. B. Longacre from a immature by Mr. Trott. [Uni- 
versal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and literature. By Abraham 
Rees, D. D., F. R. S., 1st Am. edit., Phila., 1821.] Very fine example 
of Loi^acre's work. Baker 278. 

89. Washington. Bust, head to left. Ornamental border. 

Haght 4 10/16", -width 2 12/16". Stipple. 

Painted by Stuairt. E»g. by J. B. L(»tgacre. [Carey's History 
of Virginia.] Baker 279. 

90. Duplicate except it bears the additional lettmng C. S. 
Williams, New Haven, Ct 

91. Washington. Full bust, head to left. 

Height 4 4/16", width 3 3/16". Stipple. 

Engraved by J. B. Longacre from a painting by Stuart. [Na- 
tional Portrait Gallery, Phila., 1834.] Baker 280. 

92. Washvngton (Georges), Ne a Washington, le 11 fevrier 
17S2, Mart le Uth Decembre 1799. Bust to right, head 
turned to left. Vignette. 

Height 2 13/ir, width 2 6/16". Line. 
Pnblie par Bkiisot. Bakw 283. 

93. George Washington. Tull bust, head to left (Lansdowne). 

Height 3 8/16", width 2 10/16". Stipple. 

Grav6 par Macret. Eue des Fosses le Prince, no. 18. [Vie des 
(Jeoi^es Washington, General en Chef dee Aliases des Etats TJnis 
pendant la Guerre qui h etabli lenr in^pendance, etc., par David 
Ramsay. Paris, 1809.] Baker 285. 

94. WaM^ngton. Bust, head to right. Vignette. 

Height 3 4/16", width 3 8/16". Une. 

Stalstieh von Carl Meyer. Stuttgart, J. Scheible's Buchhandlung. 
I^ek von Caxl Meyer, Nbg. Bare. Baker 289. 



BEEKIiET COIiLECTION OF WASHINGTON PEINTS. 225 



95. Washington. Full length, the " Lansdowne portrait." 

Height 5 5/16", -width 3 9/16". Une. 
Eng. by J. H. Nesmith. Pub. by Hezekiah Howe; Darrie and 
Peek, New Haven, Conn. [Hist, of the U. S. of America from 1763 
to March, 1797. By Timothy Pitkin, New Havai, 1828.] 

Baker 

96. Washington. QBCalf length, head to left (Lansdowne). 

Height 7 7/16", width 6 2/16". Line. 
W. L. Ormsby Sc. Boston, pub. by S. Walker, Baker 296. 

97. Washmgton. Half leagth, head to left (Lansdowne). 

Height 7 7/16", mm 6 2/16". Line. 

Similar to Baker 296. 

98. WasMngton. Half length, head to left (LftMdowne). 

Height 7 7/16", width 6 2/16". Une. 
W. L. Ormsby sc. Boston, pub. by S. Walker. [The History and 
Topography of the U. S. of America, etc. By J. Howard Hinton, 
A. M. 1st Am. ed., Boston, 1834.] Baker 296. 

99. Was^mtgton. Full length, the " Lansdowne PMirait." 

Height 20 2/16", width 13". Line. 
Painted by Gilbert Stuart. Eng. on steel by W. L. Ormsby, N. T. 
J. H. Eeed, pub. 140 Fulton street, New York. " Presented to the 
subscribers of the Family Circle and Parlour Annml who pay $2.00 
for two years' subscription." Baker 297. 

100. Washington. Bust, head to left. Border resembling a 
picture frame, suspended by a ring. 

Haght 5 2/16", widlii 4 6/16". Stipple. 

Eng. by Mel. P^enino, Phik., 1^2. From an original portrait 
by G. Stewart. Baker 300. 

101. Washington. Full length, the " Lansdowne Portrait." 

Height 20", width 13". Line. 

Painted by Gilbert Stuart. Eng. by 0. Pelton. Pub. by Gordon 
Bill, Springfield, Mass. Var. Baker 301. 



226 



MAEYLAND HESTOSIOAX MAGAZINE. 



102. Washington. Full length, the " Lansdowne Portrait." 

Height 29", width 13". Line. 
Painted by Gilbert Stuart. Eng. by 0. Pelton. Pub. by E. E. 
Pelten, Offiee of the EeleeUe Mrngmme, no. 5 Be^man street, New 
York. Baker 301. 

103. Geo. Washington. Bust, head to left, rectangle sur- 
rounded by a narrow border of two lines. Civil dress. 
Over engraving. " Engraved for the Washington Benevo- 
lent Society." Beneath "George Washington." Very 
rare. 

Height 3 11/16", width 3 1/16". Stipple. 
A. Eeed, sc.. E. W(indsor), Con. Washington's Farewell Ad- 
dress to the People of the U. S. Pub. by the Washington Benevo- 
lent Society, E. Windsor Conn, and by Thos. M. Pomeroy. Evi- 
dently an earlier print than that described by Baker, but by the same 
engraver. Not in the Carson Collection. Tar. Baker 308. 

104. O. Washington. Full length, the " Lansdowne Portrait." 

He^ht 19 14/16", widih 13 4/16". Uezzotinto. 
Painted by G. Stuart. Eng. by J. R. Eice. Puh. by Pohlig and 
Rice, Phila. Baker 309. 

105. Q. Washington. Full length, the " Lansdowne Portrait." 

Height 11 3/16", width 7 10/16". Meezotinto. 
Eng. by E. A. Eice. Smith and KoUm, Pub., 82 W. Baltimore 
Skewk, Baltimoire, Md. Preof bdiore kttws. ;^k^ 31@. 

106. Oen&ral Washington. Full bust, head to right. Oval. 

Height 4", width 3 8/16". Stipple. 
Eng. by W. Eidley, from an original picture in the possession of 
Saml. Yaughan, Esqr. European Magazine, pub. by J. Sewell, 32 
Comhill, April 9th, 1800. Eare. Baker 311. 

lOY. O. Washington. Full length, standing, head to left, right 
hand on an upright book upon a table to the left. The left 
hand upon the hilt of a dress sword, the point on the 
ground. The badcground formed by an alcove and pillars, 
jKftd in the rear, to the right, an arm chair. 

Height 26 6/16", width 19 10/16". Mezzotinto. 



BEEKLEY COLLECTION 01" WASHmOTOIf PEmTS. 227 



P. F. Eothermel px. A. H. Ritchie sc. Pub. by E. A. Bachia and 
Co. (Wm. Bate, Fulton street, Chambers ^reet. New York. (Copy- 
right 1852). Baker 312. 

108. George Washington, ^Nearly full length (Lansdowne) . 

Height 5 7/16", width 3 13/16". Mixed. 
J. Rogers Sc. 381, B. W. N. Y., D. Appleton & Co. [Memoirs 
of Waahii^ton. By Mrs. C. M. Kiikkntd. New York, 1869.] 

Baker 316. 

109. Oeneral Washington. Bom Feb. 22, 1782. Died Dec. 
IJf, 1799. Exist, head to left. Oval. • 

Height 2 10/16", width 2 2/16". Stipple. 
Pub. by M. Carey (Seoles sc.). [The Life of George Washington 
with Curious Amcdotes, etc. M. L. WecsMs. Fhila., 1808.] Rare. 

Baker 328. 

110. George Washington. Bust, head to left. Oval. 

Height 2 1V16", width 2 3/16". Stipple. 
Seoles sculpt. [The Life of George Washington, First President 

and Commander-in-Chief of the TJ. S. of America. By John Corry, 
New York, 1809.] Not in the Carson collection. Rare. Baker 329. 

111. Gerd. George Washington. Bust, head to left. Oval. 

Height 2 12/16", width 2 4/16". Stipple. 
J. R. Smith. [Washington's Farewell Address, etc. Worcester, 
Mass. Printed by Lmac Sturtevant, 1813.] Rare. Baker 331. 

112. G. Washington. Head to left, full figure standing, in 
military dress, holding a cane in the right hand, chapeau 
in left hand. To the left Mt. Vernon, in the background 
a landscape. 

Height 22 2/16", width 17". Mixed. 
Painted by T. Hicks, R. A. Eng. by H. Wright Smith. 

Var. Baker 334. 

113. George Washington, LL.D. (1790). Bust, head to left. 
Oval. 

Height 3 8/16", width 3". Stipple. 
G. Stuart. R. Soper. Pub. by J. C. Buttre, N. Y. Baker 335. 



228 



MAETLAND HISTOBICAL MAGAZINE. 



114. Washington. Bust, head to right. Oval, in a rectangle, 
the title in a tablet below the oval. 

Height 3 3/16", width 2 6/16". Stipple. 
B. Tanner Sc. [Biographical Memoirs of the Ulnstrious Greneral 
Wadiington. 3rd edition. Kiila., R. FoIttoU, 1801. Pnb. by J. 
Omwod, 11 Caieetmit street.] Baker 338. 

115. George Washington. Full bust, head to left. 

Height 4 6/16", width 3 8/16". Stipple. 
Painted by G. Stuart. Eng. by J. Thompson. Baker 342. 

116. George Washingiom. Inaugurated President 1789. Bust, 
head to left. Vignette. 

Height 2 5/16", width 2 5/16". SUppk. 
A. Willard. [Gfoodrich Hist, of the U. S., Hartford. Pub. for 
the subscribers, 1823.] This is an earlier and much rarer print than 
that described by Baker, and differs sightly from it in the dimen- 
sions. Not in the Carson colleeticm. Yar Baker 352. 

117. Washin/jion. Bust, head to left. Circular medallion, 
heading to an imperial folio sheet entitled " In Congress, 
July 4th, 1*776, the TJnanimous Declaration of the Thir- 
teen United States of America," surrounded by fifteea 
smaller medallions, two of which contain busts of Adams 
and Jeiferson, the others, coats of arms of the thirteen 
original States. 

Diameter 3 6/16". Line. 
Whole plate, height 25 4/16", width 18 4/16". 
(Unlettered) Wm. Woodruff, PhUa., 1819. Baker 353. 

118. . Bust, head to left. Oval with border. 

Height 4", width 3 8/16". Line. 
Trott, del. Wright, engraver, N. Y. [Book of the Constitution. 
Williams, N. Y. Pub. by Peter Hill, 1833.] Baker 356. 

119. Washington. Bust, head to left. Circular. 

Diameter 3 10/16". Stipple. 
Pub. by J. Price Jr., Philadelphia. [A new American Biograph- 
ical Dictionary. Thomas Begeas, Phila., 1829.] Very early im- 
pression. Baker 365. 



BEEKMT COLI-ECTION OP WASHIITGTON FEINTS. 229 



120. General Washington, Late President of the United States 
of America. Half length, head to left. Oval with border 
in a rectangle. 

Height 12", -width 9 12/16". 

MeeeotintOf colored from the back in oils. 
London, pub. Meh. 1st, 1801, by Haines and Son, no. 19 Rolls 
Bldgs., Fetter Lane. Excessively rare and unique in this state. 
( This portrait of Washington was for 101 years in the possession of 
the Orr family, near Portsmouth, N. H., and was sold by the estate 
in 1903. The coloring has been done by an artist of great skill.) 

Baker 369. 

121. General Washington. Full bust, head to left. 

Haght 5 6/16", -width 4 11/16". Stipple. 
London, puldished by Bidid. Evaoe, 17 Paternoster Row. 

Baker 373. 

122. George Washington, Esqr. Late President of the United 
States of America. Full length, standing, the right hand 
upon a scroll upon a table to the left, inscribed " Declara- 
tion of Independence." To the right an arm chair, and 
in the background a curtain drawn up at the left, shows 
some pillars and the open sky. 

Height 18", -width 13". Mezeotiwto. 
Engraved from an original dTawing by Savage. Excessively rare. 

Baker 375. 



STUART TYPE NOT FOUND IN BAKER 

123. Washington. Full length, standing. (Fully described 
in the print by Jas. Heath, Baker 250.) 

Height 20", width 13 1/16". Une. 
Painted by Gabriel Stuart, 1797. Engraved by Jas. Heath, His- 
torical Engraver to his Majesty, and to his Royal Highness, the 
Prince of Wales. The engravers work is much coarser than in the 
Heath engraving or in what is known as the " Fake Heath." It is 
probably the work of an American engraver, and is excessively rare. 
There is no lettering on it than that given above. From the Rosen- 
thal collection. Similar to Carson 638. 



230 



MARYLAND HISTOEICAJL MAGAZINE. 



124. George Washington. Bust, head to left. Vignette at 
the bottom of a large engraving entitled " The representa- 
tion of Peter Francisco's Gallant Action with Nine of 
Tarleton's Cavalry in Sight of a Troop of Four Hundred 
Men, took place in Amelia County, Virginia 1781." " It 
is respectfully inscribed to him by James Webster and 
James Warrell." 

Height 1 2/16", width 12/16". Stipple in colors. 
Whole plate height 19 12/16", width 25 10/16". 
Designed by WarreU, drawn by Barrelet. Edwin Sc. Pub. Dec. 
1st, 1814, by Jas. Webster of the State of Pennsylvania. Edwin's 
largest work. Fine impression, but has been varnished. 

Gaeron 959. 

125. . EuU length in Masonic Begalia advancing to 

the front of a room in a ^Masonic Temple leading two little 
orphans by the hand, at the head of a long line of orphan 
children. On either side, standing numerous masonic char- 
acters of all Nations, including General Lafayette. 

Height 13 6/16", length 20 7/16". Stipple. 
Stothard del. Kearney Sculp. To the Grand Lodges of the Uni- 
ted States. This print representing the Distinguished Characteristics 
of Masonic Charity bestowed on proper subjects is respectfully dedi- 
cated. Pub. by .T. C. Story and J. How, Phila. Copyright, Phila., 
Sept., 1^9. An mtMs print th^i that of the Carson Collection. 

Similar to Carson 661. 

12G. . Half length, head to left. (Lansdowne.) 

With ruled background. 

Height 6 7/16", width 4 11/16". Stipple. 

No lettering. CsMon 709. 

127. Washington Besiffrdng His Commission. Full length 
standing, head to left. (In Congress.) With arms ex- 
tended toward a table on the left, upon which lies a book; 
inkstand, and holding in his hand a scroll. To the right 
portraits of several Congressmen. 

Height 7", width 4 12/16". Stipple. 
H. T. Stephens. Augustus Robin, N. Y. Carson 720. 



BEEKIBY COllECTION OF WASHINGTON PEINTS. 231 

128. Washington. Full length seated, head to left. The right 
hand resting on an upright hook on a table to the left. 
A dress sword lying on the left arm, which is resting on 
the arm of a chair; in the right hand corner books. A 
curtain in the background is partly drawn aside and reveals 
pillars. 

Height 7 8/16", width 5 7/16". Mixed. 

Chappel. Johnson and Pry, N. Y. (Copyright 1863.) 

Cf . Carson 714. 

129. Oeorge Washington, 1789 to 1797. Bust to right, head 
to left; the CMitre one of sixteen oval medallions of the 
Presidents to Lincoln, surrounding a larger one in the 
centre containing the bust of Washington. The background 
composed of stars and olive branches, over the top an eagle 
and flags and underneath a flowing ribbon upon which is 
the insoription " The Presidents of Our Great Kepublic." 

Height 5 10/16", width 6 14/16". Une. 
Sold by Lange and KronMd, 201 WiUiam street, New York. 

Similar to Carson 732. 

130. Washington. Bust, head to left. Oval medallion, the 
upper one of a group of five, in an ornamental border. 
Vignette. The others contain the portraits of Adams, Jef- 
ferson, Madison and Monroe. 

Height 2", width 1 7/16". SUpple. 

Variation of Baker 218. Caxaon 739. 

131. Washington. Full bust, bead to left, in an ornamented 

border resembling a frame, rounded at the top. In the 
lower portion of a sheet entitled " Washington's Farewell 
Address " surrounded with seven ornamented vignettes of 
scenes from his life, the upper oiiie being a repreeentatioin 
of the battle of Monmouth. 

Height 3 4/16", width 2 14/16". Stipple. 
Whole plate, hei^t 16 12/16", width 11 14/16". 
Published and engraved by J. Gr. Buttre, 48 Franklin street, N. Y. 
Border drawn by Momberger. (Copyr^ht 1856.) Carson 759. 



232 



MABTLAND HISTOBICAL MAGAZINE. 



132. G. Washinfftan. Pull length in uniform on horseback 
with military cloak thrown over the shoulder, the left arm 
extended, holding a chapeau in the hand, acknowledging a 
salute; in the background tiie outlinee of aoldieiss and 
cannon. Vignetta 

He^t 4 10/16", -width 4 1A6". Stipple. 
J. Warr. [Title page to the Drawing Boom Scrap Book, 1841.] 
A. Hart, late Carey and Hart, Philadelphia. Carson 777. 

133. . EuU bust, bead to right. Oval, upon a back- 
ground covered with laurel branches and surrounded by 
figures of Liberty and Justice. 

Height 2", width 1 10/16". Une. 
[Ceremonies on the Completion of the Washington Monument, 
Washington. Washington, D. C, Jan. 14th, 1885.] Bureau of En- 
graving and Printing. Carscm 798. 

134. . Bust, head to left. 

Height 12/16", width 13/16". Line. 
Probably a specimen of the work of the Bureau of Engraving. 

Similar to Carson 808. 

135. . Bust, head to left, oval medallion surrounded 

by diverging rays. On either side the bust of Washington 
after Houdon, in the centre the full length figure of 
"Washington at Dorchester Heights," on the right of 
whicih is the full length figure of Washington after the 
Lansdowne portrait, and to the right a full length statue 
of Washington, underneath a back and front view of 
Canova's Statue of Washington. 

He«ht 1 6/16", widHsi 1 2/16". Une. 
[Memorials of Wadb^ton.] Carson 813. 

STUART TYPE UNKNOWN TO BAKER OR CARSON 

136. . Head three-quarters to right, the centre of an 

advertising sheet of liie American Bank ISote Co. of N. Y. 
Vignette surrounded by a wreath of laurel leaves. 

Height 2", width 12/16". Line. 



BEEKLBT COLLECTION OF WASHINGION PEINTS. 233 

137. . Bust, head to left, the upper one of a group of 

four, Gilbert Stuart 1796, Houdon 1785, C. W. Peale 
1772, Trumbull 1792. Vignette. 

H^ht of e«di portmt 2 14/16", -width 1 5/16". Lme. 

138. Washington and Hamilton, First Meeting. Waabington 
is standing beside a white horse in full uniform, chapeau 
on bead. Hamilton to the right in military costume hold- 
ing in the hands chapeau and sword. In the foreground 
implements and fascines. In the background men throw- 

' ing up an entrenchment. 

Height 7 4/16", -width 5 6/16". Line. 

Painted by Alonzo Chappel. Eng. by Thomas Phillibrown. Mar- 
tin, Johnson and Co., N. Y. (Copyright 1856.) 

139. Washington's First Interimw u'ith Mrs. Custis. Wash- 
ington and Mrs. 'Oustis, full length standing by the fire- 
place of a room, -the two Custis children playing on the 
flioor. At the open door a servant holding two horses with 
a negro child standing beside him. The head of Washing- 
ton somewhat resembles the Peal© Type. 

Height 4 15/16", width 6 14/16". Mixed. 

From an oiiginal painting by Alonzo Chappel. J. Halpin, en- 
graver. Marfin, Johnson and Co., Pub., N. Y., 1856. 

140. Washington and Lafayette. YaJley Forge. Soldiers at 

Valley Forge around a camp-fire, Washington and Lafay- 
ette in full uniform standing on an elevation beside them. 

Height 5 5/16", width 7 1/16". Mezzotint. 

Painted by A. Chappel. Eng. by H. B. Hall. A. D. 1858, John- 
son, Fry and Co. 

141. Washington 'Resigning His Gommission, at Annaipoiis. 
Dec. mh, 178S. 

Height 6 4/16", width 6 4/16". Lithograph. 
Painted by John Trumbull. Copyright 1900 by Elser, Boston. 



234 



MAKYLANB HlSTOEICAl, MAGAZINE. 



142. Wctshington at the Battle of Princeton. 

Height 7 5/16", width 5 8/16". Line. 
Chappel px. Johnson, Fry and Co., Pub., N. Y., 1857. 

143. The Death of Washington. 

Hei^t 4 13/16", width 7". Etched. 
A. Babbet Se. 

144. . Bust, head to right. Oval in a rectangle ruled. 

Height 3 4/16", width 2 6/16". Stipple. 
[B. Tanner sc. Biographical Memoirs of the Illustrious Gen. Geo. 
Washington, 3rd edition, Phila., E. Folwell, 1801. Pub. by J. 
Omerod, 11 Ch««tBHt sfffcet.] Ez^eMify iwe. Similar to Be&er 
S38. 

145. . Head to left, with white handkerchief. Vig- 
nette. 

Height 8 4/16", width 8 2/16". Etched. 
W. Howland Sc. 

146. Geo. Washington. Full bust with white collar, head to 
left. 

Height 4 10/16", width 4 2/16". Stipple. 
Taken from life, 1794. Painted by Stuart. Engraved by Ilman 
and BioB. [The l^s^ODal Axt Galleiy, C^t^mitd EidiibitieB.] 

147. Go. Washington. Full bust, head to left. Civilian cos- 
tuaae with white ne<^erchief and rosette. 

Hd^t 4 8/li", ynMi 4 1/16". Mixed. 

No lettering. 

148. Washington. Head to right in civilian dress, the head- 
ing to a quarto sheet containing the portraits of St. Clair, 
Stark, Jackson, Harrison, Scott, Lafayeftte and Steuben. 

Height 1 3/16", width 5 1/16". Line. 
The ornamental borders are etched. 



149. Washington, The Prayer at Valley Forge. Full figure 
of Washington kneeling under trees, the arms outstretched 



BEEKLEY COLLECTION OF WASHINGTON PEINTS. 235 



with palms extended upward, sword and chapeau on the 
ground. Trees and a figure garbed as a Quaker in the 
background. 

Height 4 13/16", width 3 8/16". Idne. 
J. Kyle. W. G. Armstrong. Painted by H. Quig. 

150. DigpUcede of above. 

151. . Head three-quarters to right. Oval, sur- 
rounded by A frame of imtra^^tmsed ^ive teaves. 

Height 15/16", width 12/16". Line. 

Somewhat resembles Tanner's work. Cut close. This portrait of 
Washington was found in a scrap book of the father of the late R. 
D. l^er of Baltimore. The last entry in the book was 1813. 

152. . Full length standing (the Tea-pot portrait), 

in the centre of a sheet with the coats of arms of the thir- 
teen original states. Above the portrait is the representa- 
tion of an eagle with outstretched wings holding a scroll 
in its beak, above is a figure of Liberty seated. Below the 
portrait are two cornucopias. 

Height 2 9/16", width 1 11/16". Line. 
Drawn and eng. by J. A. Adams, New York. 

153. . Tull bust, head slightly to left. 

Height 3 4/16", width 2 4/16". Line. 
[Continental Bank Note Co., New York.] 

154. Washington. Full bust, head to right in a circular frame 
with portrait of Washington at the top. Above the frame 
an eagle, bdow a sword and two cornucopias, at back 
drrergent rays. 

Height 1 14/16", width 1 15/16" . 
Woodcut taken from on old clock, dated Philadelphia, 1814. 

155. • Hospitality. Washington seated at a table 

with arm extended holding a tea-cup in his hand. Lady in 



236 



MABTI*AND HISTOEICAX MAGAZINE. 



the dress of the period receiving the cup. In the back- 
ground a fire-place, etc. 

Height 4 14/16", width 3 4/16". Line. 
G. Dallas Del. C. Burt Sc. 

156. . Badge. The Washington Temperance Society. 

Printed on satin. Vignette. 

Height 2 3/16", width 1 3/16". Une. 

"We bear a Patriot's honored name 
Our Country's Welfare is our aim." 

157. . Engraved representation of Patrick's and 

Greenough's Statues of Washington. 

Hdght of each 4 8/16", width 2 W16". Line. 

m 

158. Washinffton. In an ornammtal border of leaves, head to 
left. At the upper portion of the border-frame are inter- 
twined the numerals 1813. 

Height 2 3/16", width 1 8/16". Mixed. 
Cut close, very fine ^graved work, probably by Am. Bank Note 
Company. 

159. Washington the Surveyor. 

Height 5", width 3 14/16". Etched. 
J. G. C. Designed and ^died for Bancroft's History of the 
United States. 

160. Washington. Head ihree-quarters to left. Vignette. 

Height 5 12/16", width 4 2/16". Line. 
Eng. by J. A. Lowell and Co., Boston, 1901. [Pub. for the Balto. 
and Ohio Ry. with view of the dome of the Capitol in Washington, 
D. C] 

161. George Washington. Head three-quarters to left in an 
ornamental border resembling a frame. Above an eagle 
witli extended wings, below a shield with sixteen stars. 
Bom Feb. 22nd, 1732 ; Died Dee. 14th, 1799. Vignette. 

Height 1 5/16", width 1 2/16". Une. 
Am. Sunday School Union, 1847. Rare. 



BEEKLET COLLECTION OF WASHHTOTOIT PEINTS. 237 



162. Washington. Eull length standaii^ beside a white horse. 
In the hand an open letter wiih " Wadiington, Victory is 
Ours, Paul Jones." 

Hai^it 6 2/16", width 4 2/16'. Line, 
[Copyright 1871, by Coffin and Alt^ss.] 

ARCHIBALD ROBERTSON TYPE 

163. Geo. Washington. Bust, head three-quarters to right. 
Oval, with border upon a pedestal, in a rectangle, a large 
open scroll in front. To the right a sword and scales, and 
to the left a Liberty cap, and oak braiudies. 

Height 7", width 4". Line. 
Grainger Sc. Pub. as the Act directs July 1st, 1794, by H. D. 
Symonds, Paternoster Row. [View of the American United States. 
W. Winterbotham. London, 1795.] Baker 163. 

164. Geo. WashingtoTb. Bust, head tho-ee-quarters to right. 
Oval. 

He%ht 3 10/16", width 2 13/16". Line, 
"W. Grainger Sc. Pub. as the Act directs July 1st, 1794, by H. D. 
Symonds, Paternoster Row. [View of the American United States. 
W. Winterbotham. London, 1795.] Baker 164. 

165. George WcuMngton. Bust, head three-quarters to right. 

Height 3 5/16", width 2 9/16". StippU. 
Nach Prey gest. V. Krethlow. Zwickau b. d. Geb. Schumann, 
1818. Baker 165. 

WALTER ROBERTSON TYPE 

166. Q. Washington,. President of the United States. Full 
■bust in uniform, with black neckerchief, head to right. 
Oval. 

Height 3 13/16", width 2 14/16". Stipple. 
RoUiason Sc. Pub. by T. Raid, N. Y., 1796. [W. Winterbotham's 
Historical, Geographical and Philosophical View of the United States 
of America. 1st Am. Ed., N. Y., 1796.] Baker 172. 



167. Duplicate. 
3 



238 



MARYLAND HISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 



JOHN RAMAGE TYPE 

(IfOT IIT SaKEB OB CaKSOW) 

168. . Bust in military uniform, head to left. 

Height 2 14/16", width 2". Etched. 
John Ramage px. Albert Eosenthal sc. Pub. by Henry T. Coates 
& Co., 1896. Proof one of 50 and plate destroyed. 

JOHN TRUMBULL TYPE 

169. G. Washington, Kalf length in uniform, head to left. 

Height 4 10/16", width 3 10/16". Mezzotinto. 
J. Bannister. Early copy, but cut close to margin. Baker 138. 

170. Washington. Full bust in uniform, a cloak thrown 
around tibe left shoulder. Head to left 

Height 8 6/16", width 6 6/16". Line. 
Dessine par Couder. Grave par Blanchard. Dedie a S. E. le 
General Jackson, President des Etats-Unis d'Amerique Par Son tres 
reepecteux adnuratesr le Typographe N. Bettoni. Baker 1^. 

171. Washington. Half Iraigth in uniform, head to left. Vig- 
nette. 

Height 4 4/16", width 3 4/16". Etched. 
Burt Sc. [WaAington and Has Gienerals. By J. T. Headley, N. 
Y., 1847.] Baker 140. 

172. Washington. Full length in uniform. 

Height 5 2/16", width 3 7/16". Stipple. 
Eng. by A. Daggett. From the original paintLag by Colonel 
Trumbull. [History of the War of Independence of the United 
States of America. Botta.] New Haven, 1834. Nathan Whiting. 

Var. Baker 143. 

173. George Washington. Half length in uniform, head to 
left. 

Height 4 8/16", width 3 10/16". Lme. 
Eng. by A. B. Durand from the full length portrait by Co. Trum- 
bull belonging to Yale College. (Copyright 1834.) [The National 
Gallery of Distinguished Americans. Phila., 1834.] Baker 144. 



BEEKLEY OOl/LECTlOir OS" WASBaW^TOW PBIKTS. 289 



1Y4. George Washington. Bust in uniform, head to left. 
Vignette. 

Height 4", width 4 4/16". Line. 

Eng. by H. B. Hall and Sons, N. Y., from the painting by Col. 
Trnmbnll. Japan proof. Baker 1^. 

175. G. Washmgton. Pull length in uniform standing upon 
an eminence, near a river. 

Height 6 4/16", width 3 3/16". Une. 

J. Trumbull Px. J. le Eoy Scuplt. [Essais Historique etc. sur la 
Revolution d'Ameriqne Septentrionale par M. Hilhard D'Auberteul, 
Brnxelles, 1781.] Copy in reverse of the Valentine Green print. 

Baker 151. 

176. George Washington-. Full length in uniform. (Fully 
described in the Cheesman Print, Baker 141, but now in 
reverse. 

Height 6 14/16", width 4 8/16". Lme. 

Eng. by W. E. Tucker from an original painting. [Pictorial Life 
of Geo. Washmgton. By J. Frost, Phila., 1848.] Baker 157. 

177. Oen. Washington. (On the Battle Field at Trenton.) 
Full length in vinif orm, head to left, a field glass in the 
extended right hand, the left on a sword hilt by his side. 
In the rear a soldier with a horse, and in the extreme baok- 
ground the representation of a battle. 

Height 24 3/16", width 17 8/16". Messotinto. 
Eng. by W. Warner from the original painting by Col. John Trum- 
bnll in the possession of Yale Collie, New Haven. (Copyright 
1845 by John Dainty.) Pub. by Wm. Smith, 706 S. Third street, 
Philadelphia. Baker 158. 

178. Genl. Washington. Full length in uniform. (Chees- 
man print, Baker 141. ) 

Height 6 9/16", width 4 9/16". 

Eng. by John Rogers from the picture by Col. Trumbull. New 
York, Virtue, Emmins and Co. Carson 324. 



240 



MABTIJAHD HI8T(»EICA.L KAChAZIKK. 



EDWARD SAVAGE TYPE 

179. WasJdngion Family. WasMngton, nearly full length 
sitting, with legs crossed at a table to the right, upon which 
is a hsft with a large rosette. A chart lies upon -the table 
and is held by the right hand ; the left one rests upon the 
shoulder of Gr. W. P. Custis. To the right are Mrs. Wash- 
ington and Nellie Custis. Further to the right is a negro 
servant. The background is formed by a curtain which is 
drawn to the left allowing a view of the Potomac River 
■with ships in the extreme distance. 

Height 18 2A6", width 24 12/16". Lithograph. 
Savage Pinx. Hoffy Exeeudit. Pub. by A. Hoffy, Phila., 1858. 
A close copy of the Washington Family, Baker 120, and a beautiful 
piece of lithographic work. Gf. Carsoa 275a. 

179%. Washington FamHi/. Geo. Washington, his Lady, and 
her two Orandchildrm, hy the name of CvMis. Le Famil- 
le de Washington. George Washington Son Epouse et ses 
deux petits Enfants du Nom de Custis. Full figure in 
Military Costume, Seated to the left of the print. His 
right arm rests on the ahotdder of the boy who is standing, 
while the left, is upon a chart extended on a table, to a 
part of which Mrs. Washington points with a fan. 

Height 18 6/16", width 24 6/16". Stipple. 

E. Savage Px. et Eng. Pub. March lOth, 1798, by E. Savage and 
Robt. Wilkinson, No. 58 Comhill, Loudon. Cut close. 

Baker 120. 

180. Washington. Bust in uniform. Head three-quarters to 
right. Vignette. 

Height 3", width 3 4/16". Line. 
Marekl. Del. Bertonnier Sculpt. Drouart imp. r. du Faure 11, 
Paris. (Differs from Baker in the lettering,) Baker 121. 

181. George Washington. President of the United States of 
America,. Nearly full length, sitting at a table to the 
right, with crossed legs. 

Height 4 13/16", Tsidth 3 12/16". Line. 



BEBKMIT COLLECTIOIT OS" WASHIirOTON PMNTS. 24:1 



I Seoles del et sculp. Pub. by Smith, Beed and Wayland. [Win- 
terbothams' Historical Yiew of the United States, etc. 1st Am. Edi- 
tion, N. T., 1796.] Baker 134. 

182. George Washington. President of the United States. 
Burt in uniform, head three-quarters to left. The order 
of the Cincinnati on the right breast. 

Height 4 14/16", width 3 12/16". Stipple. 
Savage pinxt. Rollinson Set. [Epistles Domestic, Confidential, 
and (Mdai, from Gm«ral Washington, New York, 1796.] Eare. 

Baker 132. 

183. G. Washington. Full bust in unifotm, head three- 
quarters to the left. Oval. 

Height 4 12/16", width 3 12/16". Stipple. 
Savage pinx. Tanner Sc. " Engraved for the Washingtoniana." 
[The Washingtoniana. Ballimore, Printed and Sold by Samuel 
Sower, 1800.] Baker 135. 

184. Washington Family. George Washington seated to the 
right of a table, upon which is spread a map, with s^ord 
resting upon it ; to the left in rear Martha Washington, to 
the right G. "W. P. Custis, in the rear Nellie Custis ; in the 
right front comer a globe, etc. 

He^ht 13 5/16", width 9 14/16". Meznotmto. 
Painted by F. B. Schell. Engraved by A. B. Walter. Published 
by John Dainty, 15 S. 6th street, Philadelphia. Carson 274. 

185. Washington Family. Description similar to above. 

Height 10 1/16", width 8 1/16". Mezzotinto. 
Eng. by A. Eobin, N. Y. Pub. by G. W. Massee, 1869. 

Similar to Carson 274. 

DU SIMETI^SE TWE 

186. Wa^ingion. Bust in uniform, head in profile to left. 
iCircular medallion suspesded by a ring over a base in a 
rectangle. 

Height 4 15/16", width 3 7/16". Line. 
Drawn from the life by Du Simetiere in Philadelphia. Eng. by 
B. L. Prevost in Paris. Baker 67. 



242 



MABTLAHB HH!TO«ICAt MA6MkZIWI!. 



187. Washington. Description similar to above. 

Height 5 2/16", width 3 8/16". Line. 

Deasine d'apres Nature par Du Simetier a Philadelphie. Grave 
par Adam. [Complot d' Arnold et de Sir Henry Clinton eontre les 
Etats-Unis d'Amerique et eontre le General "Washington, Septembre 
1780. Paris, 1816.] Bak«r 68. 

188. O. Washington. Ne in Vvrginie Anne 1773. Com- 

rnandant et Chef des Armees et F<resident du Congres 
D'Amerique. Full bust in uniform, head in profile to 
left. OvaL 

H«ght 4 2/16", width 3 5/16". Stipple. 
F. Bonnevil}« del. Buotte Smilpt. Parki, me St. Jacques no. 
195. Baker 69. 

189. Duplicate. 

^LHOUETTBS 

190. Wa^vngton. Bust, profile to Mt. 

Height 3 15/16", width 2 12/16". 

From the original out with scissors by Miss De Hart, Elizabeth- 
town, N. J., 1783. Prese&ted by Mrs. Waidiii^ton to Mrs. Dner, 
daHgth«r of Lord Stii^^. 

JAMES SHARPLESS TYPE 

191. G. Washington. Full bust, head in profile to left. Vig- 
nette. 

Height 3 14/16", width 4". Stipple. 

From a portait by. Sharpless presented by Washington to Col. 
Talmadge. Eng. by H. B. Hall and Sons for the Magazine of Ataeri- 
cem Histery. Ctaaom. 9&2. 

DE SAINT MEMIN TYPE 

192. . Profile bust in uniform to right. Oval, sur- 
rounded by laurel branches with diverging rays ; at the top 
a pen and sword erotsed, and beaiea^fi on a ribbon " First 



BEEKLET COLLECTION OP WASHINGTON PEINTS. 243 



in War, First in Pea«je, First in the Hearts of his Coun- 
trymen." 

Heig^it 10/16", width 8/16". Stipple. 
[Valedictory Address to the People of the United States. Phila., 
1810.] Cut close but an early impression of this extremely rare 
print. This copy was foiind in a serap book of the father of the 
lata Bidiard D. Fidier; the last entry m the book being dated 1813. 

Baker 396. 

193. Washington. Profile bust in uniform to left. Vignette. 

Height 4 2/16", width 3". Stipple. 
From the St. Memin crayon in the possession of J. Carson Bre- 
voort, Esq. Eng. by H. B. Hall and Son, New York. Csison 910. 



JOSEPH WRIGHT TYPE 

194. General Washington. Full bust in uniform, in profile 
to aright. Oval. 

Height 3 10/16", width 2 4/16". Line. 
T. Holloway Sculpt. Literary Magazine. Pub. as the Act directs 
1 Aug. 1792, by C. Forster, Poultry. Rare. " Baker 87. 

195. General Washington. Full bust in uniform, in profile 
to right. Oval. 

Hraght 2 1/16", width 1 8/16". Line. 
From an original drawing. George Murray Sculpt. Pocket 
Magazine. Pub. by Harrison and Co., Oct. 1st, 1795. Rare. 

BtioK 91. 

196. Washington as he appeared while reviewing the Gontir 
nmtal Army on Boston Common 1776. Bust in unifomi, 
in profile to right. Oval medallion in the centre of a rec- 
tangle ruled with waved lines, and enclosed by a border. 

Haght 5 14/16", width 5". Stipple. 
Drawn by N. Fullerton. Eng. by G. A. Smith. Boston, 1851. 

Baker 96. 



197. G. Washington. Bom in Virginia Fehry. 11th. 1732, 
General of the Americwn Armies, 1775, Resigned 1783, 



244 



MAETLAKD HISTORICAL MAGAZIWE. 



President of the United States 1789. Full bust in uni- 
form, in profile to left. Circular. 

Diameter 3 9/16". Stipple. 

Bdcer 97. 

wtaiAm TYPE 

198. Washington. Half lengtli in Masonic dress, as a Past 
Master, head to right. Vignette. 

Height 5", width 4". Mixed. 
O'Neill, New York. Engraved from the portrait painted from life 
by Williams for Alexandria Wtrahington Lo^e no. 22. Virginia, 
1794. Masonic Pub. Co., N. T. [Washington and His Masonic 
Compeers, by Sidney Hayden, New York, 1866.] Baker 168. 

MiaOCmAL IMSI6NS 

199. Gen. George Washmgkm. "Departed this Life Deor. 
nth. 1799, Aet. 67. and the Tears of a Nation Watered 
His Grave." Full bust in uniform, head to right. Oval, 
•with border; in the upper half of the border, the words 
" Sacred to the Memory of the Brave," in the lower half, 
eighteen stars. The oval rests upon a base, upon which 
two lines 

" Washington's no more, by silence grief's express' d 
ho ! here he lies, his worhs proclaim the rest." 

A medallion upon the base, contains the title, etc. 

Height 4 12/16", width 4 3/16". Stipple. 
P. Maverick, Newark, N. J. Sc. Prom a folio sheet containing 
verses, etc., engraved in script, entitled, "Euloginm, Sacred to th« 
memory of the Illustrious George Washington, Columbia's Greatest 
and . Successful Son, Honored be his name." Designed, written and 
pnblidied, by Benjamin 0. Tyler, Profestor of Penmanship, New 
. York, 1815. The head is after Stuart. Baker 404. 

200. Apotheosis of Washington. Full figure surrounded by 
clouds rising from a tomb, supported by Time and Immor- 
tality, the latter pointing upwards. To the left figures of 



BEBKLEY COLLECTIOIJ OP WA8HI1T&TOK PEITTTS. 245 



Faith, Hope and Charity. In the foreground to the right, 
an Indian with bowed head, and to the left, Liberty with 
War Emblems, at her feet. On the tomb " Sacred to the 
Memory of Washington, Ob. 14th. Dec. A. D. 1799, Aet. 
68." I. J. Barralet, fecit. 

Height 24", width 18 6/16". Stipple. 
Philadelphia, PubliE^ied by Simon Qtandxon and John J. Barralet. 
Jany., 1802. Baker 406. 

201. Duplicate. Impression in colors. 

Drawn and engraved by J. J. Barralet, and published 22nd Feby., 
1816, by B. Tannra:, engraver, no. 74 S. Mh street, Philadelphia. 

Var. Baker 406. 

202. Wisdom supported hy Liberty presenting Genl. Wash- 
ington with a Code of Laws for Establishing Americwn 
Independence. Oval in a rectangle. Washington is repre- 
sented in uniform seated in an armchair holding in his 
hands a scroll, presented to him by Wisdom, represented 
as a full length figure, standing to the right. In the centre 
between WaAington and Wisdom, the full length figure of 
Liberty, supporting a Liberty cap on a pole; in the back- 
ground, a curtain, drawn aside reveals the rays of a rising 
sun. 

Hdght 12 12/16", width 9 14/16". 

Mezzotinto in oil colors. 
Pub. Nov. 5th, 1801, by I. Hinton, 44 Wells street, Oxford street, 
and P. Stamps, 91 Leatth^r Jjm^, B^^om. Excessively rare. 

Carson 945. 

203. Sacred to the Memory of the Illustrious G. Washington. 
Bust, head to right. Oval medallion with border of olive 
leaves, on the side of a monument over which hangs a 
weeping willow ; underneath the oval the inscription " G. 
Washington," on the base of the monument " There is rest 
in Heaven." To the left of the monument are three figures, 
one of Hope, the other two weeping. The whole is enclosed 
in an ornamental border in a rectangle engraved to repre- 



246 



MAETLAJTD HISTC*tICAI, MAGAZINfi, 



sent Stonework ; beneath the circle a tablet in which is the 
inscription. 

Height 8 4/16", width 8". Stipple. 
T. Clarke Sc. 1801. Boston. Eare. Carson 948. 

304. . Bust, head to right^ on a pedestal in front of 

the busts of Franklin, Hamilton, etc. in a landscape. In 
the front distance the figure of America supporting a 
shield, to left dictating to a winged figure of History; to 
the right, for whom a cherub is holding an ink well. An 
eagle to the right of the figure of America. Vignette. 

Height 6 3/16", width 6". Une. 
Birch del. Eng. by Lawson. [For D^plione's Repository, Rogers 
and Ester, printers.] Carson 955. 

205. Washington. Bust, somewhat resembling the . Stuart 
Type, being crowned by Liberty. The bust is on a pedestal, 
at the base of which ia mi eagle holding a shield. To the 
right the figure of Liberty holding a rod with a Liberty cap. 

Height 1 6/16", width 1". Une. 
Cut close> no lettering. Not in Baker or Caraon. 

FICTITIOUS PORTRAITS 

206. Washington Eeceivmg a Salute on the Field of Trenton. 
Full figure in uniform on horse-back, advancing to the 
right, a drawn aword in extended right hand. The hat 
resting on the forearm is held ty tiie left-hand. 

Height 24", -width 17 10/16". Line. 
John Eaed, R. S. A. Wm. Holl. Published exclusively for sub- 
scribers by the " Nation*! Art Aasodalion." New York, 1865. 

Baker 416. 

207. Washington. Pull length, in uniform, standing, head to 
left, a field glass in the right hand. To the left a mounted 
cannon, and to tho right, partly in the rear, a horse led by 
a soldier. In the distance to the Mt, on. the opposite bank 
of a river, fortifications. 

Height 25 4/16", width 21". Line. 



BBBKLET COLLECTION OF WASHIWOTOIT PBINTS. 347 



Eng. by Laugier, 1839. Painted by Cogniet, 1836. "The head 
frram the original painting by G. Stuart in the Athenaeum, Boston.'' 

Baker 417. 

208. Oeorge Washington. Full figure, in unifomn and chapeau 
on horse-back, advancing to the left, a drawn sword in ex- 
tended right hand. A palm tree in the background to the 
left, and some n^oes and low buildings on the right. The 
landscape Southern in character. 

Height 5 14/16", width 4". Line. 
H. Pinas Sc. Extremely rare. Baker 421. 

209. Washington as a Mason. Full length standing, in 
Masonic regalia, the right hand on an upright book (upon 
a table), labelled "Ancient Masonic Constitutions," the 
left holding a mallet upon a pedestal. Oval. 

Eng. by A. B. Walter. Pub. by John McCurdy & Co., Phila. 

Meeeotmto. Baker 425. 



210. . Full length, head to left, the right hand resting 

on a plough, a cocked hat in the left, sheaves of wheat at 
his feet, m a pedestal with a taUet inscribed, and with a 
repreeentation of " Cincinnatus." 

Height 8 10/16", width 6". Une. 
Drawn by A. Chappel. Eng. by J. Smillie. [Life and Times of 
Wadungton, vol. II. Copyright 1^.] Carson 1013. 

211. . Full length, seated in a chair on a pedestal, the 

right hand extended, holding a scroll, the left arm resting 
on the back of the chair, the hand holding a cocked hat. 
On either side vignette scenes in the life of Washington. 

Height 9", width 6". Line. 
Drawn by A. Chappel. Eng. by J. SmDlie. [The Life and Times 
of Washington by J. F. Sehroeder, D. D. Johnson, Fry and Co., 
]f ew York. Copyright 1857.] Carson 1014. 

212. Washington at the Battle of Princeton. Full length 
figure on hoyse-baok, head to left, holding a flag in the 



248 



MAETLAND HISTOEICaI- MAGAZINE. 



extended right handj advancing from the left in front of 
his troops against the British. 

Height 5 12/16", -vpidth 4 12/16". Line. 
MaeLenan del. J. Bogers Sc. Virtue, Emmins & Co., New York. 
Copyright 1866. Carson 1015. 

213. Washington Delivering His Inaugural Address, April 
1789 in the Old Oity Hall N. 7. Full length in civilian 
dress, the right hand pointing to a scroll, on a taMe to the 
left, the left hand holding a dress sward, etc. 

Height 18", width 25". Mixed. 
Px. by T. H. Matteson. Eng. on steel by H. J. Sadd. " From tb« 
original picture painted expressly for this engraving. Pub. by John 
Neale, 49 Carmine street, New York, 1849." Carson 1049. 

214. Washington Passing the Delaware, the Evening Previous 
to the Battle of Trenton, Dec. £6th. 1776. Full figure in 
uniform and cocked hat, on horse-bads, to the left soldiers 
embarking, and about to embark; to the right officers on 
horse-back, etc. 

He^ht 14 8/16", width 18 11/16". Line. 
Painted by T. Sully. Etched by "W. Humphries. Eng. by G. S. 
Lang. PhUa., pub. by Samuel Augustus Mitchell, May 20, 1825. 
An earlier print than that described by Caraon. Slightly torn. 

Carson 1030. 

FICTITIOUS POKTRAITS 

(Not ih" Bakes oe Caeson) 

215. The Courtship of Washington. Mrs. Washington and 
the two Custis children to right. 

Height 15 2/16", width 22 7/16". Line. 
Eng. by J. C. McRae, New York. (Copyright 1860.) 

216. Washington, full length on horseback im, 1775, out the time 
of his taking Command of the Army. 

Height 7", width 5". Line. 
Johnson, Fry and Co., Pub., N. Y. (Copyright 1858.) Rare. 



BESKLEY COLLECTION OF WASHIITSTOIT PEHTTS. 249 



21T. Washington at the Battle of Princeton. On horse-back, 
a flag in tiie right hand urging his troops against the 
Britidi. 

Height 5 12/16", width 4 12/16". Line. 
MaeLeman dd. J. Rogers' sc. [Washington, A Biography, by 
Rufus Wilmot Qriswold. New York, Virtue, Emmins and Co., 1856.] 
Similar to Carson 1015, lettering different. 

218. Washington's Intervimv with Howe's Messenger. 

Height 5 3/16", -width 7 12/16". Line. 
M. A. Wageman. Joseph Sto^Kile. Virtae and Co., Pub., New 
York, 1861. 

219. WasMngton Crossing the Delaware. 

Height 4 10/16", -width 7". Une. 

Pub. by Martin and Johnson, New York. Painted by E. Leutze. 
Ei^. by J. C. Buttre. 

220. Washington on His Mission to the Ohio. !Full length 
figure on a black horse, -with guide to the ri^t. In tiie 
distance a number of horsemen. 

Height 7 4/16", width 4 11/16". Line. 
From the orig^inal painting by Chappel in the possesaon of the 
publishers, Martin, Johnson and Co., New York, 1857. 

221. Washington Crossing the Allegheny River. Representa- 
tion of Washington on a raft crossing a turbulent stream. 
Hills in the distance. 

Height 5 3/16", width 6 10/16". Line. 
Ptd. by D. Huntington. Eng. by D. Kimberley. 

222. Washington Taking Qmnmcmd of the Army at Cam- 
bridge, 1775. Pull figure on horse-back, surrounded by 
his stafF. 

Height 4 8/16", width 7 7/16". Line. 
Wageman px. J. Rogers sc. Virtue and Co., Pub., New York. 

223. Washington at the Battle of Monongaihela. Vignette. 

Height 3", width 3 8/16". Line. 
Groome. Tucker. 



250 



MAEYLAND HISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 



224. . Full length in uniform with sword in left hand, 

in the right hand an open letter, with Geo. Washington at 
the headline and signed by Hancock. Washington is stand- 
ing on a pavement, in the background a column with partly 
drawn curtain, behind it and in the distance a landscape 
showing stacked arms, an American flag, and in the ex- 
treme distance a mansion resembling Mt. Vernon. 

Height 4 13/16", width 3 3/16". Lithograph. 
Houdon. On the same sheet a similar engraving, which has the 
Stuart head, but has no lettering. Two curious and rare lithographs. 
Both are of similar design, but mth heads of dissimilar types. The 
one resembles Stuart, the other though lettered Houdon resembles 
Savage. lath by E. Weber ft Co., BoAtimore. 

225. Washmgion's Retreat at Long Island. 

Height 4 2/16", width 7 4/16". Une. 
Wageman. J. C. Armyls^. Virtue and Co., Pub., N. Y., 1860. 

226. The American Eagle Omrdmg the Spirit af Washington. 
Circular medallion in a ruled rectangle, with the outline of 
Washington's head lying on clouds, with figure of an eagle 
to the right. 

Height 9", width 7 12/16". Line. 
Thom. Rogers. Dedicated to the Mt. VOTion As»o(Hation by the 
Cosmopolitan Association. 

227. Washington Raising the British Flag at Fort du Quesne. 

Height 4 15/16", width 7 8/16". Une. 
J. R. Chapin. T. B. Smith. Virtue, Emmins and Co., New York, 
1859. 

228. Washington and Family at Mt. Vernon. Full length on 
horse-back, with negro servant at side of horse. Mrs. 
Washington is standing by a pillar on the portico, the two 
Custis childrrai are playing on the steps. 

Height 5 10/16", width 7 8/16". Line. 

Painted by Chappel. Eng. by Phillibrown. Jdtnson, Fry and 
Co., Pub., New York 1858. 



BBEKLET COllECTIOW OF WASHINGTON PEIKTS. 251 



229. Washingtm, and Lafayette at Valley Forge. 

Height 5 5/16", width 7 6/16". Line. 
Painted by A. Chappel. Eng. by H. B. Hall. Johnson, Fry and 
Co., New York, 1855. 

230. Washington and His Mother. Full figure in uniform 
seated to tke left of a table, conversing with his mother, 
who is seated to the rigtt. 

Height 15", width 21". Mixed. 
Px. by H. Brueckner. Eng. by John MeEa«. Pub. by John 
McRae, New York. Cut close to margin. 

231. Washington's Benevolence. Full figure seated at a table 
writing. 

Eng. especially for Godey's Ladies? Book by J, GroBS, 1846. 

lUexisotinto. 



MARTHA WASHINGTON PRINTS 

232. Martha Washington. Full bust, head to the right " 

Height 6", width 4 10/16". Line. 
Painted by Jalibert. Eng. by W. Wellstood. Eng. expressly for 
the Ladies' Mepository. 

Martha Washington. 

Height 2 9/16", yn&k 2 8/16". Stipple. 
Painted by G. Stuart. 

233. Martha Washington. 

Height 7 5/16", width 5 5/16". Line. 
From the original painting by Chappel in the possession of the 
publishers. Johnson, Fry and Co., New York. (Cop^r^ite, 1872.) 

234. Mrs. Martha Washington. 

Height 4 4/16", width 3 7/16". StippU. 
Engraved by J. B. Longaere from an original miniature by Eob- 
bertson in the possession of G. W. P. Custis, Esq. [National Por- 
trait Gallery, 1834.] 



252 



MAEYLAITD HISTORICAL MAGAZIITE. 



235. Martha Washington in Her Early Days. 

Height 7 1/16", width 5 10/16". Une. 
Prom the original by Alonzo Chappel in the possession of the pub- 
lishers, Johnson, Fry and Co., New York. (Copyright, 1857.) 

Bvshrod Washington. 

Height 5 14/16", width 4". Line. 
Etched by Albert Rosenthal, 1891. 

236. Dr. James Graik, Washmgton's Phymcian. Head in 
Profile to right. Woodcut. 

VIEWS OF MT. vmrnm and waswington city 

237. Washington Oity. 

Height 5 5/16", width 7 14/16". Line. 
Drawn by J. B. Smith. Eng. by J. H. Neagle. 

238. Tmib of Washington. 

Height 4 14/16", width 8". Line. 
Washington Head, del. Lith. by P. Hass, Washington (1834). 

239. N. W. View of the Mansion of George Washington, Mt. 
Vernon. 

Height 5 12/16", width 10 5/16". Uthograph. 

G. Wsshmgtoa HeaiS M. Xii^. by P. Hase, Washington City. 

240. The Presidenf s Siome from the River. 

Height 4 14/16", width 7 1/16". Lme. 
W. H. Bartlett, Del. W. KadclylEe, Sc. 

241. DupUcaie. 

242. The Front of Mt. Vernon. 

Height 6", width 5". Line. 

H. H. Billings, after Bartlett. E. Gallaudet Sc. New York, Lea- 
vitt, Traw and Co. (The Qem of the Season). W. L. Ormsby, 
Printfflr. 



BEEKLET COLLECTION OF WASHINtfTOlir PEIITTS. 253 



243. Washington s House, Mt. Vernon. 

Height 4 13/16", width 7 7/16". Une. 
W. H. Bartlett. J. N. Wellmore. 

244. The Tomb of Washingion, Mt. Vernon. 

Height 2", width 2 14/16". Line. 
Duthie. New York, J. Putnam. 

245. Birds Eye View of Washington City. 

He^ht 5", width 7 4/16". 
J. Wells, New York. J. C. Annytage. 

246. The Tomb of Washington at Mt. Vernon. 

Hfflgbt 7 4/16", width 4 11/16". 
W. H. Baxtlett. A. Consens. 

247. The Birthplace of Washington. 

Height 7 4/16", width 4 4/16". Line. 
Ptd. by J. G. Chapman. Eng. by Rawdon Wright. Hatch and 
SmUlie. Columbian Magazine. 

248. The Birthplace of Washington. 

Height 7 4/16", width 5". itwe. 
Painted by B. G. Chapman. Eng. by Eawdon. Wri^, Hait^ 
and Smillie. A Book of Surveys, July 22nd, 1749. 

249. Facsimile Writing. Copied from a manuscript in the 
handwritii^ of Washington set 17. 

C. W, Boynton Sc. 

260. General Washington. Gold watch and seel. The watch 
has the lettering I. E. Pine. Manufact. Paris. The 
eng. of the seal has the lettering " Exitus Acta Probat." 

251. General Washingtons Carriage (as it appeared in the 
procession of the United Order of American Mechanics in 
N. Y. Feb. 22nd. 1872, on the 140th. Birthday of the 
Father of His Country. 

Width 9 15/16", height 5 11/16". Lithograph. 
Beneath is the coat of arms of the Washington family. Pub. by 
A. C. Crane, Boston, Mass. 
4 



254 



MAETLAITD HISTOKICAL MAUAZIIfB. 



252. Duplicate. 

253. OenerdL Washington's Carriage. 

Width 3 8/16", height 1 12/16". 

254. Washington's Boole Plate. 

Washington's Yisitmg Card. Etched. 

WASHINGTON BOOKS MAINLY WITH ENGRAVINGS 

Mourd V&mon, A Poem, being the Seat of his Excellency 
Oeorge Washington, in the State of Virginia; Lieut. 
General and Commander in Chief of the Land Forces of 
the IJnited States of America. 

" This rural, romantic and descriptive poem of the seat of so great 
a character it is hoped may please." " With a copper plate likeness 
of the General." " It was taken from an actual view on the spot by 
the author, 15th May, 1799." " By John Searson, formerly of Phila- 
delphia, Merchant." Philadelphia, Printed for the Author by rolwell. 
Frontispiece, Gteorge Washington, Eeqr., by Savage. Very rare. 

Carson 271. 

The Illustrated Life of Washington. Giving an account of his 
early adventures, enterprises, etc., with vivid paintings of 
Battles and Incidents, Trials and Triumphs of the Heroes 
and Soldiers of Eevolutionary Times. 

By J. T. Headley; together with an interesting account of Mount 
Vernon as it is by Benson J. Lossing. New York: Published by J. G. 
& F. Bdl, 1859. Fronti^ieee, a woodcut of Wselungton. 

The Life of George Washington, with Curious Anecdotes 
equally Honorable to Himself and Exemplary to His 
Young Countrymen. Embellished with six engravings. 
By M. L. Weems, formerly rector of Mount Vernon Parish. 
Philadelphia : Published by Joseph Allen, and sold by J. Qxigg, No. 9 
N. Fourth Street, 1831. Frontispiece of Washington. 

The Life of Washington, with curious anecdotes equally 
Honorable to Himself and Exemplary to His Young Coun- 



BEEKLEY COLLECTION OF WASHINGTON PEINTS. 255 



trjmen. Twenty-ninth edition, greatly improved and em- 
bellished with eight engravings. 

By M. L. "VVeems, formerly rector of Mount Vernon Parish. Frank- 
ford, near Philadelphia : Published by Jos^h AHen, 1826. Prontis- 

piece of Geoi^e Washington. 

History of the War of Independence of the United States of 
America. 

By Charles Botta. Trans, from the Italian by Qteo. Alex. Otis. 
Ninth Edit, in II Vols. Cooperstown, N. J. : Published by H. and E. 
Phinney, 1847. rrontispiece of Washington by Daggett after 
Trumball. 

Facsmmles of Letters from his Excellency George- Washington, 
President of the United States of America to Sir John 
Sinclair, Bart., M. P., on Agriculture and other JEnterest- 
ing Topics. 

Engraved from the original letters, so as to be an exact facsimile 
of the handwriting. Washington, D. C: Published by Franklin 
Knight, 1844. 1st Edit. Frontispiece, Washmgton. Full bust, 
head to left. Vignette. 

Height 4 8/16^', width 4". Stipple. 

Eng. by J. Sartain, 1844. This is an earlier plate than that 
described by Baker, his plate having been published with the Second 
Edition, 1847. From the Grim Sale. Bare. Var. Baker 22. 

The Life of Washington, by Jared Spaits. Published by Tap- 
pan and Dennet, Boston, 1843. 

Illustrated by numerous maps and engravings, including the por- 
traits of Martha Wasdiington by Kellc^, and George Washington by 
Paradise, , 
Frontispiece of Washington by Dnrand. 

Leavey's Sketches. The Declaration of Independence. 
Fronttspieee of Wasdiington by Storm. 

History of North America, Comprising a Geographical and 
Statistical Eeview of the United States and the British 
Canadian Possessions, etc., in II Vols. 
Printed by Davies and Co., No. 48 Vicar Lane, Leeds, 1820. 
Frontispiece, Gena-al Washington. 



256 



MAEYIAHD HISTOEICAL MAGAZIHE. 



Height 4 6/16", width 3 4/16". 
Painted by Stuart. Eng. by S. Topham. Baker 346. 

Lebensverschreibung des Georg. Washington, mit merkwur- 
diger Anecdoten hegleitet. Von M. L. Weems, Ehemali- 
ger Prediger der Mt. Vernon Kirche. 

Height 3 9/16", width 2 14/16". 
Philadelphia, Gedruckt und verl^ von Edward T. Schdly, 1838. 
Frontispiece a crude woodcut of General Washington. 

The History and Topographf of the United Staies, by John 
' Howard Hinton, assisted by Several Literary Gentlemen 
in America and England. 

Height 7 7/16", width 6 2/16". 

IlluiAtated with a series of views. A new Edit, with corrections 

and additions by Samuel L. Knapp (in II vols.). Printed and pub- 
lished by Samuel Walker, Boston, 1834. Frontispiece, Washington, 
by Ormsby. Baker 296. 

Memoirs of Washington by Mrs. C. M. Kirkland, with illus- 
trations. 

New York, D. Appleton and Co., 346 Broadway; London, 16 Little 
Britain, 1857. 

The Diary of George Washington from 1T89 to 1791; Embrac- 
ing the opening of the First Congress, and his Tours 
through JSTew England, Long Island and the Southern 
States, together with His Journal of a Tour to the Ohio 
in 1753. 

Edited by Benson J. LoasiHg. New York, Charke B. Bidiardson 

& Co., MDCCCLX. 

A PMical HXstory of the Umied States of Atmrica from the 

year 1763 to the <'lose of the Administration of President 
Washington in March, 1797. Vol. I. 

By Timothy Pitkin, published by Hezekiah Howe, Dunie and Pick, 
New Haven, 1828. 



BEBKLET COLLECTION OF WASHINGTON PRINTS. 257 

Washington's Farewell Address to the People of the United 
States. 

Printed by John L. Cook, Baltimore, 1810. 

Washington's Farewell Address to tlie People of the United 
States. 

Published for the Washington Braievolfflit Society. Windsor (Vt.). 
Printed and sold by Thomas M. Ponnoy, 1812, with the Constitution 
of the United States as an addenda. 

Message of the President of the United Stales to Congress rela- 
tive to France and Great Britain. Delivered Dec. 5, 1793, 
with the papers therein referred to. (Published by order 
of the House of Kepresentatives.) 

Philadelphia, Printed by Matfliew Gary, No. 118 Market St., Oct. 
24, 1795. 

The Washingionimui, containing a Sketch of the Life and Death 
of the late Gen. Greorge Washington, with a collection of 
Elegant Eulogies, Orations, Poems, etc., Sacred to his 
Memory ; also an Appendix comprising all the most valua- 
ble Public Papers, and his Last Will and Testament. 
Lancaster (Pa.). Printed and sM by WilUam Hamilton, FraiMin 
Head in West King St., 1802. 

Official Letters to the Honorable American Congress written 
during the War between the United States and Great 
Britain by his Excellency George Washington, Commander 
in Chief of the Continental Forces, now Pa-esident of the 
United States. 

Copied by special permission from the original papers in the office 

of the Secretary of State, Philadelphia. New York, Printed and sold 
by James Rivington, No. 156, and Samuel Campbell, No. 124 Pearl 
Street, mdccxovi., II Vols. 

Biographical Memoirs of tiie Illustrious Genl. George Wash- 
ington, Late President of the United States of America, 
etc., etc. ; containing a History of the Principal Events of 
his Life, etc. ; also a Sketch of his Private Life. 



258 



MAKTLAUD HISTOEICAt, MAGAZINfi. 



Third Edit., enlarged. From the press of Eichard Folwell, Phila- 
delphia, 1801. 

Life of Oearge Washington, Oommander in Chief of tlie Armies 
of the United States of America, throughotit the War 
-which Established their Independence, and First President 
of the United 'States. 

By James Eamsay, M. D. Fourth Edit. Six engravings. Balti- 
more, Published by Joseph Cushing', Benjamin Edes, printer, 1815. 
Frontispiece, Washington. " Firm as the Surge EepeUing Eock." 



A NOTICE OF SOME OF THE FIRST BUILDINGS 
WITH NOTES OP SOME OF THE EAELY 



[The notes herewith presented have been in the possession of the collabor- 
s/tor since 1905, at which time it was deemed desirable to obtain some 
information as to Bichard Harrison,* of Anne Arundell County, who died 
in 1761, and was the subject of some interesting correspondence between 
Oecilius Calvert in London, and Governor Horatio Sharpe, of this Province. 
As there was at that time no suiEcient evidence of connection with the 
Harrison family furnished in the sketch, and no clue as to the identity of 
the writer, it was thought well to hold it for more definite authentication. 

O^rough the courtesy of Bobert Garrett, Esq., the Harrison papers lately 



Cecilius Calvert to Governor Sharpe. 
' " Mr. Harrison wh(nn IVe mentioned afore is represented by all here as 
a geirtteman of good character and has been serviceable in the late pro- 
prietor's affairs in elections and is desirous to show his Interest in regard 
to the present Lord and you in contributing all in his power to your ease 
and satisfaction in Government. So soon as it is in your power, I hope 
you will give him testimony of your friendship. It will be agreeable to 
my Lord and I shall esteem it an obligation. His wife is a relation to our 
•fcmily." 



RESIDENTS 



Bt S£es. Ebbecca Kbt. 



n 




FIEST BUILDINGS AKTD EAELY EESIDENTS OF ANNAPOLIS. 269 

placed in his possession have made it possible to estalblish the necessary 
historical connection and to afford these unique glimpses of bye-gone days. 

Mrs. Kebecea Camplbell Key, the writer of these " notes," was a resident 
of Annapolis during her long and interesting life. Born in 1754, the 
daughter of John Campbell II, and Frances Hammond, her paternal grand- 
father, John Campbell I, is registered as a Scotsman and Planter, who 
arrived in the Province of Maryland after the uprising of the /15 and 
whose will is probated in 1735. Her father, John Camplbell II, appears 
as a vestryman of St. Anne's Parish, 1767-69, and occupied various posi- 
tions of trust in the days preceding the Bevolution. In his will, probated 
in 1777, he mentions his daughter Rebecca Key. 

She had married an Englishman, Robert Key, architect, who also appears 
in the annals of St. Anne's Parish as sharing the fortunes of Church and 
State, especially those of the church, in its most critical period of dilftpida- 
tion to its temporary abandonment in those tr,oublous times. 

The gentlemen of the Vestry, having leased from Mr. Douglas, the 
manager of the theatrical performances for which Annapolis was far-famed, 
the ground on which the Play House w»s built, Robert Key, with John 
Besaelius, is instructed " to take down, the organ, pack same in proper 
boxes as the Reverend Rector, Mr. Lendrum, and Vestry agree that in the 
ruined condition of the Church building, the Play House be fitted up tor a 
Place of divine Worship and that the clerk erect a pulpit therein." 

Mrs. Rebecca Key, however, became after the death of Mr. Key, an 
ardent convert to the Roman Catholic Faith, as shown by a note written 
to one of the Ministers of the day arraigning him for statements made from 
his pulpit as to the errors " of that C<hurch of which I have the happiness 
to be a member." The correspondence is quite intereeting as showing tiie 
controversial spirit of the times. 

iShe lived until the year 1840, and before her death gave her wedding 
ring to Mary Harrison, at whose death in 1857 it passed to Rebecca 
Harrison called for Mrs. Key. Letters written to her show in the phrasing 
of their ol^ilaehioned courtesy the eeteem and affection In which she was 
held. 

Her " not«s " were evidently dictated In her later years to someone not 
conversant with the Chronicles of lie Center of Giov^nmrait, the Court 
Circle and the faithful if miniature reproduction the Mather Country found 

in the Annapolis of that day. 

It is greatly to be regretted that this paper, numbered II, ending so 
abruptly, seems to be one of a series of which no other traces have been 
found, and it is hoped that its publication may attract the attention of 
someone who can throw light upwi records which we can ill afford to lose. 

Anhie Leakiit Sioussat. 



The size of Annapolis at my first recollection was apparently 
«s large m it is now. 



260 



MAETLAKD HISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 



Among the early buildings stood some old and ruinous ones 
near where the present Episcopal parsonage ^ now stands occupy- 
ing the eorner as well as the middle of the lot. Among these some 
were large as if inhabited by people of some condition. All 
were built of wood, as were also a range opposite where the 
ball-room now stands; these were all said to have belonged to 
the Neutral French.^ They remained in a ruinous condition 
until considered a nuisance and were deatroyed soon after Gov. 
Edem came into the Province. 

City Hotel. DiUanies. — The present City Hotel was then 
standing; it was the property of a widow Dulany and was 
inherited by her son Lloyd Dulany, from whom it was confis- 
cated/ and it has since, I think, always been occupied as a 
hotel. 

Lloyd Dulany went to England where a quarrel which had 
begun in America between himself and a Parson Allen, ter- 
minated in a duel, in which he was killed. Hie left an inter- 
esting young widow whose case being presented to Queen Char- 
lotte, she settled upon her three hundred pounds sterling a year. 
She afterwards married the cousin of her husband Walter Ihi- 
lany whose estates in America were also confiscated. 

Oovemment House. — The original Government House, the 

' Vestry Proceedings of St. Anne's Parish, page 17. " All that lot of 
land . . . lying on the south and west of Hanover street and distinguished 
on plot by letter K, conveyed by Phillip Key and Theodosia, his wife 
(formerly widow of Reverend John Humphries), in 1759. The Rectory was 
in use until within a few yearB ago. 

'Nine Hundred and Three of these unfortunates arrived in Annapolis 
December 9th, 1755, and, said Daniel Dulany; "have almost eat us up." 
Governor Eden came in 1769 (June 5) and left the Province in June, 1776. 
The s.ojourn of the French seems not to have heen so permanent nor their 
quarters so substantial as in other places; some of their buildings having 
been in good preservation in Baltimore so late as 1824 and after. 

' The Dulany estates were confiscated, but were partially restored to the 
three daughters of Walter Dulany, Mary Fitzhugh, Margaret Montgomery, 
and Katherine Belt, who remained in the Province and received from the 
Government, 400 acres each in what was anciently known as the Valley of 
Jehosaphat, now known as Dulany's Valley. Their tract was known as 
Epping, the reproduction from the English Epping Forest. 



FIBST BUILDINGS AND EABLY BB8IDKNTB OS" ANNAPOLIS. 2§1 

central part of the present one, was built by a Squire Jennings * 
and sold to the Proprietary Government; it must be more than 
a century old. My mother recollected when in her childhood it 
was occupied by S. Jennings. It was afterwards always used 
as a residence for the Governor and received the additional 
buildings in the time of Governor Eden. It was confiscated 
during the Eevolutionary War and made the residence of the 
Eepublican Governor from that period. 

Garrison. The Du Laneys. — The central building in the 
garrison was built by the same architect Mr. Duff, who came 
from England to commence a new Government House where 
St. John's College now stands and was his property until it was 
purchased by a Dulaney. It was occupied by a Dulany until 
the Eevolutionary War. The mother of W. and D. Dulany, an 
excellent lady, died in it. It was confiscated and the sons went 
to Europe. 

Walter Dulany and Grafton Dulany, sons of Walter, all went 
to Europe. Grafton had a commission in the British Army and 
died in Jamaica from being overheated in dancing. The young- 
est of three daughters of the same Walter married a parson 
Montgomery* who afterAvard absconded and went to England 
where he was well received, had a parish given him and was 
admired for his talents at preaching. He was called " The 
Beauty of Holiness " from his interesting appearance. The 
second daughter married a Fitzhugh and settled in Baltimore 
County and died there. The eldest married a Mr. Addison 
of Oxen Hill upon the Potomac, ancestor of the family who 
now live in Georgetown. (My great grandmother was wife 

' Edmund J ennings. 

"The Reverend John Montgomery, rector of feit. Anne's, married Margaret 
Dulany and departed to England early in the day. Their home in London 
was one of the centers of hospitality for the Maryland Loyalists, from 
which point he wrote to his mother-in-law, Mrs. Walter Dulany, " We have 
found an acquaintance here both male and female eminently respectalble 
and our situation is far from nncomfortahle." It is said that his unsuallj 
elegant deportment tempted Thackeray to use him as his study for the 
Reveread Mr. Honeyroan. 



262 



MABTI-AIirD HrSTOKICAL MAGAZINE. 



to the Mr. Duif * who first occupied that building and she there 
breathed her last.) 

College. Parties. — ^Mr. DufF, architect, came from Scotland 
at the instance of Cecilius Calvert (but I am not sure). He 
brought with him a plan of building of the Provincial Govern- 
ment House, an Act of Assembly having granted the land 
whereon St. John's College now stands. Under his direction 
the walls of the present main building were erected, joists laid 
and scaffolding prepared ^<yr roofing it in. The original design 
was to have had wii^a — ^united by a colonnade of pillars on 
each side — -but in consequence of a difference betwen the two 
parties it was never executed. There were always two parties, 
the one called themselves the Country Party, the other was 
called the Court Party, and a large quantity of white marble 
was imported to finish off this building in handsome style. 
Small slabs for paving the Hall beautifully white and pure and 
black also — ^large fine slabs for the steps, etc. They were taken 
to the building — some were in the cellar and others piled on 
the outside. When the Country party, who were taxed to supply 
all these things in common with the other party, would not 
permit the building to proceed, declaring that the Province 
would be ruined, and that not another nail should be driven. 
The Court party argued that they had funds in England which 
might be drawn upon, but they would not permit them to be 
touched, and the building was left in that condition. The fine 
marbles were at the disposal of whoever chose to appropriate 
them and Avere consequently scattered about in various direc- 
tions, the ohimney pieces and hearths weie of very superior 
quality and nobody knew what ever became of them. During 
the encampment of the French on the Green in the Revolution- 
ary War, an officer of that Army expressed his suriM*ise at seeing 
a much finei? building than any most in the city, apparently in 

' Simon Duff was certainly in the colony before 1728, as at that date he 
was one of a Committee of the Parishioners to petition the Vestry to allow 
the improvement and extension of St. Anne's Church previously ordered 
by tiiem to proceed. He died according to the Harrison papnrs in 17S9. 



FIBST BtriLDIWefB AHI> BA»I.Y RI^ITOBNTS OF jUrHTAPOLIS. 2^3 

ruins ere it had been finished, and on being told the cause it is 
said, shrugged his shoulders and said : " the folly was not en- 
tirely monopolized by the Court party." After the Kevolution 
it was taken possession of and appropriated to literary purposes 
and now stands as St. John's CoZI^. 

Old Court House, now State House. — The old Court House * 
stood where the State House now stands. It was a very neat 
little brick building, but might have been enclosed in the walls 
of the present State Houro. An oblong square in form, the en- 
trance a hall opposite which, two or three steps from the floor, 
was the judges' seat, and on each side were apartments used as 
jury rooms. Over the judge's seat was a full length picture of 
Queen Anne presenting the Charter, which was presented at 
full length. On the upper floor were three apartments, the two 
largest were used for the Upper and Lower House of Assembly 
and the other was the apartment for the mace-bearer and the 
other officers depending thereon. A handsome cupola sur^ 
mounted the building, surrounded by a bannister and furnished 
with seats for those who chose to enjoy the prospect. This 
building was surrounded by a palisade within whidi the troops 
used to parade ; and at the time of the proclamation of the peace 
between the Colonies and the French after what was called the 
Old French War, the windows were filled with ladies to witness 
the rejoicings ; but on other occasions they were not seen there. 
It was pulled down not because ruinous but because a larger 
building was needed, being defective in Council Chamber and 
other oonvraiiraices. 

Parties. — Jennings, a young Englishman, having committed 
at home some wild prank which made it admissible for him to 
leave the country for a while, fixed in Annapolis, and being 
young and of fine talraits he associated with young men, students 
of the bar, among who was Samuel Chase, then very young. 
These young students stood perusing the charter which Queen 

' The forlorn ruin ^rein alluded to kag always b«m k»own as " Bladen'a 

Folly." 

« Built 1704-«6. Cf. mdgely'g AnnaU, p. 106. 



264 



MAEYLAWD BllSTOEICAI. MAGAZIKE. 



Anne held, in her hand in the Court House, found that it was 
violated in almost every particular by those in authority, and 
being of frolicsome character they had a very neat little walnut 
wood coffin in which they laid a copy of the violated charter. 
Upon it was written a very witty epitaph stating its death and 
burial. This was found at the foot of the full length portrait 
of Queen Anne and a great excitement and much mirth attended 
the general turnout of the citizens to see it. From this circum- 
stance arose a long quarrel betwen the citizens who thus found 
themselves imposed on by those in authority, which resulted in 
a triumph for the Country party who again had their rights 
conferred upon them by the Charter committed to their keeping. 
The Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council were once more 
in the gift of the people. 

My father was one of the first chosen Aldermen on this occa- 
sion. (Jennings made a fortune in Frederick and afterwards 
returned to Annapolis.) 

The two parties were always at variance and veiy busy in 
newspaper controversies. A man, just before the Revolution, 
seeking to recommend himself to the people aaeured them on 
one occasion that they might rest assured " that he would always 
be plump against the Government." He was much plagued 
about this saying. The picture of Queen Anne was destroyed 
during the war. 

Free School. — The Free School stood on the south side of the 
State House, a plain building containing school rooms and a 
habitation for the teacher and his family. The Fund was sup- 
plied by Great Britain, the number of charity scholars not 
known, but some were educated on the foundation among the 
last of which was William Pinckney, the orator. It supported 
two masters who had been sent from England and at the Revo- 
lution returned to their native country. 

Armiory. — The Armory stood at the north side at an equal 
distance from the Court House, a large hall, the walls covered 
with arms above the seats which were all around the room. A 
seat opposite the door for the Governor and his lady over which 



FIEST BUILDINGS AND EAELY RESIDENTS OF ANNAPOLIS. 265 



hung a full length portrait of Queen Anne. Nearly opposite 
to this picture hung another, a full lengtJi portrait of the Pro- 
prietor, Lord Baltimore, in his flowing robes.® Being used for a 
ballroom as well as an armory, a wooden gilt chandelier de- 
pended from the vaulted roof and the lights interspersed among 
the arms, gave it on ball nights a very splendid appearance. 
Three other apartments were appropriated one to the card par- 
ties, one to the supper, and the other to the armorer. The 
Armory was also used as a Council Chamber when the Assem- 
bly sat.i* 

Other Buildings. — There were also a stack of old buildings 
below Mr. Green's near where Mr. Henshaw has lately built, 
called Calvert's Old Buildings, and were in sufficiently good 
repair to be used as exhibition rooms by Mr. Peale within my 
recollection. The old Market House stood just below the 
present Gun House, it was about half the size of our present 
market house, but very commodious. The 'Church was enclosed 
by palisades and white railing and the yard was the grave-yard 
of Annapolis. 

Episcopal Church. — Apparently co-eval with these was the 
old Church on the site of the Episcopal Church. The only one 
in the place originally, it was in the form of a T, a part added 
to it made it in the form of a cross. It was neatly finished 
inside, the principal entrance to the east ; it was in a ruinous 
condition previous to the Revolution and the last minister often 
remonstrated with his congregation but did not prevail until 
the building of the Hallam Theatre ; he published a little poem 
in the Oazetbe which had a better effect than all his previous 

• In the correspondence of Governor Sharpe, Tolume 3, page 273, 23rd of 
February, 1766, Frederick Lord Baltimore writes; "I have embarked by 

this occasion a whole length portrait of myself, Putt it up with those other 
portraits of my ancestors you have in the Province and inform me of whom 
they are. I have also sent some arms well painted which you will place 
in the Council Chamber, or wherever you think fitt." 

" Cf. Kidgely, 107. It is apparent from the similarity of this and another 
paragraph, that Mr. Bidgely had access to these notes or referred to Mrs. 
Key when speaking " within the memory of persons now living." 



266 



MAEYI-AND HISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 



labor. The old church was torn down, but the Revolution break- 
ing out just then nothing further was attempted, and the The- 
atre was u«ed as a church, forum and whatever else convenience 
dictated. 

The Hallam Theatre stood above the bank, built of brick. 
(A note here in the copy says " uncertain.") It was afterward 
used for a school. The place was occupied as a reeidaace stand- 
ing on the brow of a hill, between the Court House and the 
Creek was the carriage house of Daniel Dulany. This building 
was similar to the original building of the City Hotel belonging 
to Lloyd Dulany and was called the " White House." On the 
hill overlooking the creek and nearly opposite the residence of 
P. Clayton stood a large building similarly constructed, the 
residence of the Tascar family. Both these buildings were 
burned to the ground, the latt<^^'r was purchased by Mr. Charles 
Wallace and modernized. It has been burnt within the last ten 
years. The house appropriated to the Cashier of the Farmers' 
Bank was, during my early recollection, used as a tavern. It 
was occupied by William Heynolds. The small buildlnej on 

— '■ Street belonging to the bank was once endeavored to 

be converted into a stocking manufactory but it did not succeed. 
My father took me to see the looms which were considered to be 
quite a curiosity at that time. 

The building occupied by Mis. Anne Harwood is one of the 
most ancient in the city. It was originally the printing oflBce 
of the Gazette. The same paper has been under the same title 
in the same family, edited and established by Jonas Green, a 
I^ew Englander, an ancestor of the present proprietor. 

The building now owned by Ghistavus Barber, commanding 
a fine view of Annapolis Harbor was always the property of the 
Protestant head of the Carroll family.^^ The house occupied 
by Charles Carroll is of more modem date and built for a 
family residence. An upper room of this house was used as a 
Catholic Chapel during his residence and afterward till this 
chapel was built. The priest had a room in his house — there 

" ChaTlee OarroU, Barriator. 



FIHST BUILDIJTOS AltD EAELY BESlDEITTS OF ANITAPOLIS. 26T 

was once a resident priest in the family but not for a few years 
previous to Mr. Carroll's removal. The building next to the 

priests' present room was one among a room known as Mac- 
JSTamara's buildings; they were in possession of the Carroll 
family until the ground was given for the present Catholic 
Chapel. 

The buildings occupied by Dr. Eidout were erected by John 
Eidout, Secretary to Gov. Sharpe. There was a building on 
the hill, still known as Powder House Hill, in which powder 
was kept. 

The house now occupied by Mr. R. Chase was built by J. 
Brice and used as his family residence. The building now occu- 
pied by Mrs. Lloyd was built and occupied by Gov. Ogle, but 
had many improvements by his son. 

Shipyardfi. — ^When Annapolis possessed commerce there was 
a merchant named Wolstenholm lived on the bank of the Severn 
below Mr. Selby. He had a long range of warehouses ; no ves- 
tige of these has remained for many years back. A wooden 
platform supported by wooden posts served this merchant in- 
stead of a wharf. Within the point of land projecting between 
the College and Graveyard was water deep ^ough to launch 
ships. The building yard was to right of the gi-avcyard and 
where the ships were launched is now shallow and almost dry. 
The owner of the shipyard was named William Roberts — he 
was a large importing merchant, reckoned to bring tiie best 
Madeira wines. His importations extended to London, Bristol, 
and other English and Irish ports. He built and occupied the 
house now of Col. Maynadier. This gentleman had a bla(femith 
shop to the north of his dwelling on which was a steeple in 
v.'hich hung the only bell in the city — below this stood his sail- 
makers' shop — he always had all things necessary to his business 
made here. The builders of the ships were Kirkwell and Black- 

" William Roberts presented his account in 1769, 1770 and 1775 for 
certain sums for the use of his bell by St. Anne's Church, ifiiich axscount 
was ai^roved tud ordered to ibe paid by the Sheriff. 



268 



MAETLAHD SISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 



well. The first died early and was industrious and clever, as 
also the last. 

The only vessel whose name I recollect was called " The 
Lovely IsTancy " after Mrs. Koberts, an intimate acquaintance 
with whom I used to play in childhood. I remember the name 
from an incident connected with the launching. She was on 
the stocks and a large concourse of people assembled to see the 
launching. An old woman named Sarah McDaniel (white), a 
fortune-teller and witch, who was standing by said : " The 
' Lovely ITancy ' will not see water to-day." She moved finely 
for a while but stuck at last and Captain Slade with his sailors, 
fully under the impression that the vessel had been bewitched, 
determined to duck the old woman. They searched for her 
busily two or three days during which time she lay secreted in 
my father's kitchen, which stood adjacent to his dwelling on the 
lot opposite to Mrs. Walshe's residence. He removed from it 
to the lot adjoining Mrs. Ws. The house was used as a hospital 
during the Revolution and was burned down afterwards. The 
" Lovely Xancy " did finally leave stocks and made several pros- 
perous voyages.^^ The last recollected except one vessel was built 
by Mr. S. Chase and called the " Matilda." It was launched 
in the creek on the southwest side of Annapolis. The last was 
the " Lady Lee " fitted out by Gov. Lee; it was built elsewhere. 
My brother was the mate. She sailed to France. During the 
War the shores of the Bay were gtiarded by galleys. I do not 
rwnember the number. ComiaodOTe Qrediam,^* ancestor of A. 

»Cf. Ridgely, p. U9. 

" Commodore Thomas Grason. Acta of Assembly, Ch. 31, April Session, 
1783: " III. And he it enacted, That the aforesaid Maria Grason, daughter 
of the said Thomas Grason, shall he maintained and educated at the ex,pence 
of this state, until she arrives to the age of twenty-one years, or marriage 
after her arrival at the age of eighteen years, which shall first happen; 
and on such marria/ge or arrival to twenty-one years, there shall be paid 
by this state, to the said Maria Grason, the sum of five himdred pounds 
current money; and the governor of this state for the time being is 
requested to give his directioBs concerning the mjiintenance and education 
of the said Maria GrtteoB, tmi to «et m h^ guardian on behalf of thk 



FIEST BUILDINGS AND EAKLY EBSIDllWTS OP AIWAPOLIS. 889 

J. Davidson (now Waters), was at the head of the service. He 
died in the sra*vice and his daughter was a State orphan. Other 
merchants traded from Annapolis. A large block-maMng estab- 
lishment stood where Mr. Goodman now keeps store. 

West Street — ^was called Cowpen lane. The most consider- 
able building was a tavern kept by a widow McOloud — ^it was 
afterward used for a circulating library and kept by Mr. Eind 
(related to the Pinkney family). This was in 1762 or 63. I 
was taken there when a child by my sister ; it was the resort of 
the wits and the literary. It did not succeed and Mr. E. re- 
ceived an invitation to Williamsburg. The house fell into the 
possession of Mr. Quinn.^^ Afterward it was modified by Mr. 
Harris ; it is now the residence of Mr. J. Johnson. Tlie only 
other house was Mr. McParlin, also the tavern. The lot occu- 
pied by Lockerman had on it in the center a large house. The 
corner also had buildings upon it. 

I do not remember in what year the present Episcopal Church 
was built. Mr. Key was Hie architect and builder. 

Governor Eden. Incidents, Etc. — Governor Eden was in 
England after the commencement of the War. He was ques- 
tioned by the Parliament respecting the condition' of the S.tate 
and the probability of the people long continuing the conflict. 
His replies differed from those of Gov. Hutchinson of Massa- 
chusets. He told them he believed the people would not easily 
be subdued but that they would hold out to the last. He re- 
turned to this city and narrowly escaped being taken prisoner. 
The Council of Safety sent a deputation down to the Govern- 
ment House for that purpose. He was at the mom^t on board 

state, to see that she receives proper female education and accomplishments, 
OS the adopted child of the state." 

This same act made provision for the education and maintenance of 
Thomas Walley, son of Capt. Zedekiah Walley who was killed on one of 
the State barges; both of these children were known as "the orphans 
the state " or " children of the state." By Ch. 25, Acts, of 1785, Joseph. 
Handy, son of Capt. Joseph Handy of the barge Protector, was likewise 
provided for, but apparently was not formally adopted. No other like 
instances are known to the editor. 

" Allen Quynn, for many years one of the vestrymen of St. Anne's. 

5 



MAEYLAITD HlSTOSIOAI. JffAGAZIKB. 



a vessel which lay at the bottom of his garden, and Mr. Key 
who was returning to the house to get something for him, seeing 
the deputation and suspecting their purpose, returned and gave 
them warning to be off. They immediately rowed from shore 
and made their escape — pursuit would have been in vain. The 
vessel in which he made his escape was either the "Annapolis," 
his brother's vessel or a government vessel, I know not which. 
BCis attachment to the Province was very great, his plans re- 
specting the permanent welfare at Annapolis were very liberal. 
He was a favorite of the people and a very fine person, tall and 
commanding. General Washington previous to the period of 
his escape always staid with him when in this city. They re- 
sembled in stature. I had seen them walk arm in arm. He 
changed before death, took the sacrament, and at his death he 
requested to be buried in S. R. Churchyard.^® After the embar- 
kation of the Governor, Mr. Key was banished 10 miles from the 
city (for his activity I presume) ; he was an Englishman and 
his predilections were for his country. On the Governor's 
return, Mr. Key, then residing in Baltimore, came down to see 
him. He had under Governor Eden's direction improved the 
ball-room very much. Governor E. regretted he could not pay 
him, but left him the chandeliers which he himself imported at 
£1200 sterhng to sell and remunerate himself. The Committee 
of Safety seized them and appropriated them. A rumour with- 
out foundation stated that arms were secreted in the Governor's 
house. In searching for them the chandeliers were found and 
taken. Their vigilance was very great. Mr. Key heard on one 
occasion of my illness and came to town to see me. He had not 
been in the house 15 minutes ere the Committee were there 
insisting that he should leave town. Tea being just ready, my 
mother said : " Why not let him take a cup of tea first ? " They 
consented to stand at the window until h« to(^ tea and fliey saw 
bim safely across lie riv@r. 

"South Biver All Hallovs Qmrch, one of the ol^st of which we have 
record before 1692, where Sir Robert I^eH, according to his cxpremed 
wishes, is said to have been buried. 



FIKST BU1IJ>IITGS AND EAELY RESIDENTS OF ANNAPOLIS. 271 

Indians. — The last Indians I recollect were a tribe on the 
Potomac. They exchanged their lands with the "Calvert family 
for Baltimore Cotmty lands, where game was more plentiful. As 
the white population increased, they retired to the Susquehanna. 
The Eastern Shore tribes used to visit Annapolis previous to 
the Rev&lution. They were civilized and Christianized and I 
recollect the venerable appearance of King Abraham and Queen 
Sarah as they sat upon the steps of the old State House. The 
pond to the east of the Ice House Hill was called Deep Pond. 
Mj father has found fine oysters there and since the Revolu- 
tionary War Captain Prendergast was therein drowned. He 
had married previous to the Revolutionary War secretly. On 
his return he tried to obtain an interview with his bride, but her 
father prevented it. A few days after, his body was fotind, it 
was supposed he had drowned hinwelf from vexation. Miss 
Mabury was the lady. She lived in the house next to Judge 
Brewer's ; her father cast her off when he discovered her mar- 
riage. She afterward married Mr. Onion of Harford Co. 

Fortifications. — There was no fortification that I know of. 
The batteries at Sun Point excepted. The two points, Horn 
and Greenbury's were covered with trees until duriiig the Revo- 
lution — they were cut down to erect fortifications. 

The present State House — was originally built much lower 
the steeple and covered with copper. During 
the equinoctial gale the copper was torn off and rolled up like a 
scroll. It then received its present form. On the site of Mrs. 
Bowie's stood the tavern of " The Three Blue Balls," kept by 
J ohn Ball — the property of Mr. West an opulent merchant, who 
emitted bills in his own name, called Stephen West's pioney. 
He resided at the Wood Yard and owned much property in this 
city. Mrs. B. Hyde purchased from him and erected from 
there down to G. Mackubin's. 



" Portraits of Mr. and Mrs. OnioB BMiy be seen at Mount Clare, tka 
property of Miss Winn and Mrs. Arftur B. Kcfttiag. 



272 



MAETLAITD HISTORICAL MAG-A2;ilTE. 



EXTRACTS FEOM THl CASSOLL PAPERS 

(Continued from Vol. XIV, p. 154.) 



June 20*^ 1772 [191] 

Charley 

Pray write to M"" Harding to send me as soon as posmUe 30 

Sides of Upper & 30 sides of Soal Leather for negroe shoes 
directed to the Care of M"" H. Browne in Baltimore Towne, & 
th* you may not forget it & that the letter may goe by the next 
post, write it at y*" first Leisure after you have perused this & 
Pay the Postage of it. "What goods has Cap" Ireland had from 
Perkins & Comp^ since Janu: 18*^ 1768? Have you any 
Articles ag* Him since Sep' 1"* 1768 ? I have Hia Acc* to th* 
Date. I think I ordered some sheet Lead for Malvel last year, 
is it Come in ? We had a little Rain last night, & this morning 
from 8 to % an Hour past 12 we iave had a gentle Kain, w*^ 
was much wanted & will be of great service : All our People 
began to Plant about 9 ; The Rain has not penetrated quite 3 
Inches in the light tobo. Hills, but it looks as if we should have 
more rain. I write at one a Clock. The Corn looks pert & 
green liie dust being washed from it. My Ears began to run 
again yesterday eveninjj, I shall wash the™ with Milk and water 
& use the white Ointment. 5 a Clock P. M. it has not Rained 
since % an hour past 12 but Continued thick & Misty with an 
appearance of more Rain. 8 P. M. We have had another 
pretty Rain it thunders & Lightens & looks like more Rain the 
wind being Easterly, this last Riain will secure this days 
Planting, aU the new ground & the ground Behind the ^dry 
well is Planted: What is done elsewhere I know not. I sup- 
pose they will borrow a Piece of to-morrow morning. God bless 
you all. I am D"" Charley Y" &c. 

Cha: Carroll 



EXTRACTS FROM THE CAEROLI. PAPERS. 273 

June 23rd 1772 

Dr Charley 

By yrs of tlie 20*51 & 21»* ins* I perceive myne of the 20*51 
had not reached you, it was sent hy ]VP Cooke, who I suppose 
got to Annapolis before 12 o'Clock as He went from Hence 
very early on the 21^*. We have pitched above 9 tenths of our 
Crop, it will all stand if the ground worme will let it. Our 
Com & Meadows allready shew the Effects of the Eain, But 
the Corn is very low for the Season, an early frost would Hurt 
it as it is so Backward. Eigges says there is ground enough in 
tendance to produce above 2000 Barrills of Corn at all the 
Plantations. I took a tour this morning to Jacobs, the Folly 
& by the Pool meadow, all my Fields smiled on me : this Eain 
will fil the wheat is promising the ears being of a good size 
rather large. Our Potatoes are also thriving, I am in hopes I 
may make 4000 Bushels, & a very good Crop of tob^. Eigges 
tells me we shall this day Finish stripping, it is very late to 
Have such work on hand. It began to Kain at % an hour past 
one & Continued, to two a Clock, a fine soakeing Eain. I write 
at % an hour past 3 & we have another soft Eain & it looks as 
if the Afternoon or rather Evening would be rainy. I spoke to 
Beard & think you may give up th* debt. He said He was 
only a Security. The step you took, w*^ Brownly was proper 
If you want more flour let me know when you would have it 
M' Deards Came Here last Sunday morning & proposes to leave 
me on thursday. I shall tel H. Browne when I see him to goe 
to you. Calculate the Lit* from the Day Buchanan Payed the 
money. I shall return the PhampUets when I have perused 
them. I Cannot part with the Horses until you actually want 
th°i they are in good order & I will Exercise th™ in my Chair 
until you Call for them. Have you paid the 30/ to the French 
woman, if not pray pay it & let me know you have done so, I 
promised Her th* sum. The Eunings of my Ears is again 
stopped. I am in hopes it will at last go quite away. June 
24th another good rain yesterday in the Afternoon. We 

have done Planting Here & I suppose they have done so at all 



274 



MAETLAWD HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



other Plantations. I do not like this days High wind it drys 
the ground too fast. My love and Blessing to you Molly & the 
little ones : God grant you all H^lth & a long Continuance of 
it. I am D' Charley 

Y'lno: Afft Father 

Cha: Carroll 
June 26*11 1772 [193] 

Charley 

We have had a full 24 hours of a solid sober soaking Rain 
(I write at % an hour past 11 A: M) for little in Comparison 
of what fel run of the Ground. I suppose it has penetrated 
deep & th* the Corn, & tob° Planted, will not suffer for want of 
moisture for 3 weeks to Come tho the surface of our Land with 
three days sun may appear Parched. This Eain is very Season- 
able for every thing but wheat w^^ did not want it & some appre- 
hend it may Occasion the Rust, but as the weather is Cold I do 
not apprehend th* Consequence. The Rain I think wiU be Very 
Benificiall to our Gates, for tho they are low, I think they will 
Feather & fill well, and our Pasturage & Meadows must be 
much improved by it. It b^ins to Clear it Blowes fresh & I 
fear a Cold high wind. I have a letter from M"^ Brooke dated 
the 23d wherein He tells me He had sold my wheat at 7/4 to 
Moore who is to take it from my warehouse at His owne 
Expense, He also says He thinks I may depend upon good 
Payment. 300 & odd Bushells were delivered on the 24*1^, the 
Rest would have been delivered this day if fair. I expect the 
Cash next week & will send you £130 or £140 Pounds, as I 
think, I Can make a Shift with the Remainder untill I see Jo* 
Johnson. My love & Blessing to you all. May be Molly has 
detertnined on what day to Come up, if so, let me know it. I am 
Charley .Y^ mo : Alf * Father 

Cha: Carroll 



EXTBACTS PEOM THE CAEEOLL PAPEES. 



275 



June 30th 1772 [194] 

Dr Charley 

I have y''^ of the 22^ to the 27*^ ins* both dates inclusive. I 
have informed H. Browne th* I expect leather from M'^^ 
Harding. I inclose you Ireland's Acc* it is the only one I have, 
Eeturn it with a Copy of any xidditionall Aec* you may have 
agt Him, I took when at Annapolis A M" of the £4:10:3 p"^ 
Olapham. If I do not find a safe Conveyance for y' Letter 
to Line I will send a Messenger with it. Eedick is Removed 
to Bre County. In a letter of y" to me dated June 2^ 1769, 
you say Hanee Wandle Hovel has past His Bond to Jo: Eedick, 
for nigh the sum Eedick owes us, He is to take up Eedicks Bond. 
John Shryer is Hovel's Father in Law. Hovel last year prom- 
ised to be with me this Flal. I will write to Him by the 1®* 
opportunity. By the Eeceit it appears I did not Convey to 
Bp6wnly nor will I if He pays Bills. He Cannot expect it as 
they may meet with the fate, of Lees Bills, you may tell Him 
this. I have not yet got my goods or a letter from H : Brown, 
I have sent Ellick this day to B : Towne to know the Eeason 
of it. I hope our next years importation, will Consist of few 
Articles beside Plantation goods, if we do not restrain our 
Imaginary wants, no sum will satisfy them. The Wheat is sold 
to Moore's Son, Brooke thinks Him good Pay & have vnrote to 
C : B to know when I may Expect the Cash ; I have also wrote 
for Intelligence about the Mares, Considering Eidgelys Char- 
acter I would not swear th* they are not Concealed by Him. 
I believe I shall write as you advise about the Vignerons. I 
know not how it Happens th* flour is so bad our Bread is 
not the best But it is good and very Eatable. I have drove or 
used the Leaders twice, they goe very Gently, but neigh upon 
seeing Mares but are no way unruly. M"" Tho^ Buchanan 
Came Here last Sunday, He asked for tob° whether I intended 
to sell I told him I did, But th* I believed I should sell to West, 
if I did not. He should know it when I found a Price fixed. "We 
were both free & easy. By Him I wrote to you th* last Satur- 
day the People I think 70 Enterd iato an Association not Pay 



276 



MAETLAXD HISTOEICAI. MAGAZINE. 



more than 4/ to our Parson & desiering you to Pay no more. 
Jo: Dorsey desiers to know y'^ Lowest Price for Thirty Tonus 
of Bar Iron, He wanted it on freight, I told Him y"^ Eesolution 
was to sel. 

July 1^* Mr Lewis Came Here yesterday, He will forward 
my letters about the Vignerons ans. Back th"* I have made the 
Alterations you advised: He brought the inclosed. This will 
be delivered you by M'^ Bear, by whome I desier you will send 
5 Dozen of sickles if you have th™ not in the store they must 
be bought by the same opportunity send the Clayed Sugar if it 
be Come to hand. EUick is not yet Betumed from the Works. 
My love & Blessing to you all, M"^^ Darnell presents Her's also 
she will write by the Boy next Saturday. M^ Lewis presents 
Hia Compliments, He Has an intermitting feavour & has had 
it for ten days past. I intend to Croxall's next Monday, 
say something kind about Him in y'^ to me by George Bean — 
I am 

Dr Charley mo : Afi : Father 

Cha: Carroll 
July 2d 1772 [195] 

Dr Charley 

Being in a Hurry when Bear Called I forgot to send you M"^ 
Ireland Acc* w'* I now Incliose. C* Brooke in a letter dated 

the 30*^ past says y'^ Wheat is not all delivered as yet to M'^ 
Moore, His boate is now at the Landing for the last Load. I 
Could not see More He being from Home, But His Clerk 
says I may Expect the Cash in a few days. I suppose I shall 
be able to send you what I Can spare next Saturday Sen-night 
by Mr Ashton. I likewise inclose my Additionall letter to M' 
WiUiams & my letter of advice to M' Buchanan. Get M'^ 
Deards to Enter the last in the letter Book & return both to me. 
The English mare & M"^ Irelands are found & I shall send for 
them next Tuesday. The goods H: Brovme bought are at the 
Landing & I shall send for them to morrow — July 3^ Bigges 
saya we want Eain allready, I do not think so, As a planter 



EXTEAOTS FKOM THE CAEBOLI- PAPEES. 



277 



T think a Soaking Shower once a week would sute us. As a 
farmer Rain might bring a Mildew or a Rust, there is no 
appearance of either or any Blight as yet, the Wheat looks very 
well has a full & Eiather large ear & I think it will turn out 
a large Heavy & Plump grain, but in generall it is too thin: 
we shall not I think begin our wheat Harvest before the 13*^ 
N if so soon w''' we diall Quickly finish as Rigges proposes to 
Have 100 Reapers in the field. The ground worme hitherto 
has done little or no damage, the Plants in generall stand very 
well. Our Corn especially where the ground is good Comes on 
as well as can be Expected. The Gates except in the Meadows 
are lowe but have a strong Verdure & I think will turn out a 
pretty good Crop, & our Hay Harvest will be much better than 
I expected. The Potatoes Come on well & I hope will produce 
a good Crop. Pray send the Boy back early on Sunday morning 
as I shall be glad to Hear how you do before I set of for M'" 
Oroxall's from whence I shall return on Thursday. I suppose 
you will at farthest by M^ Ashton appoint a day for sending 
you the Leaders. I long to see you all. My love & Blessing to 
you Molly & the little ones, God Grant you all perfect Health 
& a very long Continttance of it I am 
Dr Charley mo: Aff* Father 

Chas Carroll 

P. S. 8 o'clock P: M: 

I have y*"^ by Bearer. I widi you had sent all the sickles. 
I Rec*^ the Goods mentioned in M^" Deards former letter & p^ 
7 /6. I shall write to Dorsey about y' Iron & speak when I 

see you about Trammel 

July 10^ 1772 [196] 

Charley 

I have y^® of the 3^ & 4*^ ins*. I have ordered Rigges to 
Reserve between 5 & 6 of my Worst tob** for the Parson w'^ in 

Case of necessity I will order to be distributed into as many 
toh° Houses as I have got & it shall be such as shall be deemed 
Marchantable as it shaU be of the Value of 10/ Cur p^ C* at 



278 



MAKTLAJTO HISTOBICAL MAGAZINE. 



least. I shall let you know How our sickles prove on tryall. 
We began to reap our Wheat this morning. You have given 
away Barr. You do not give y"" self the trouble to enquier 
How it sels. I am informed it goes of at £28 p"" Ton in Phila- 
delphia. Ycu do not want money, Even a want of th* would 
not Justify y"" selling so low. I offrd y*" Iron to Dorsey at 
£16:10:0 ster I have not had His answer. The Leaders goe 
downe by Clem & I shall dayly Expect Molly & the little ones 
& you if you Chuse to Ride y"" Trotter so far. Pray present 
my Compliments to Do"" Scot & thanks for the Turnip seed I 
have not Received any Money from Moore, C* Brooke knew 
I was from Home & I Hope th* is the Reason He did not send 
it, if I get it before Johny Returns, I will send what you want 
by Him. I returned yesterday from Croxall's, I found 
Him I think better than I have seen Him since His Disorder, 
but any surprise sets Him a shaking & trembling, as it did when 
He Received me. His nerves will never Recover their strength 
but He may probably live several years under His disorder; 
He is much obliged to yon for y'" kind Remembrance of Him 
& intended Visit, I am Certain will give Him great satisfac- 
tion, for He says we are His only Eriends in whome He can 
entirely Confide. He began His Harvest on Monday w'' will 
be a good one. But His Wheat as myne is too thin & that is 
the Case of all the Wheat between this & the Garrison, but the 
grain is fine & I think will prove very weighty: I have not 
Heared th* the Wheat is any where touched with the Rust, 
Mildew or a Blight. We had Here a refreshing shower last 
Tuesday evening, more at the EoUy & lower Quarters, it will 
help our Com & tob<* the 1^* Rigges tells me is very good at 
all the Quarters some of this old Field ground, th* is the poorest 
of it Excepted, which is but very indifferent. I have not Heared 
that the ground Worm has done much Damage I did not Ask 
Rigges, I only saw Him last night, He is now w*'* the Reapers 
at the Folly. I expect our Rye & Wheat Harvest will be over 
by Tuesday night every where; Dorseys Meadow, the Long 
Meadow next to Irelands & th* below the Orchard are moved 



EXTRACTS FBOM THE CA3tBO£-L FAPEHS. 



279 



the two 1^* in stack, the two last produce but a thin Crop but 
the Hay very good, so is the Hay bdow the Orchard. I have 
not seen Dorseys Meadow since it was mowed But Eigges says 
it yielded pretty well & the Hay very good ! IVost has mowed 
and stacked His grass meadows & stacked it a good Crop. 
Ohas : Eidgely wrote to me the 20*^^ Past to send for my Mares, 
I sent Accordingly last Monday to the works, C* Brooke as 
old Wed telb me said they had not got the mares but that they 
had Heared where they were. Eidgely I suppose to Answer 
His owne ends persuaded Hamilton to send His Horse to Him 
& Care not whether Hamilton or those who send Maros are 
served: As Clem must walk Home I Cannot expect any 
Clayed sugar by Mim, Molly may Perhaps Contrive to Bring 
up 25 or 30 lb with Her. My love & Blessing to you all. 
Wishing you perfect Health & a very long Continuance of it 
I am 

Dr Charley mo : Afft Father 

Cha: Carroll 

8 o'clock post M: I have been at Qie Folly, they have got 
downe about 60 Acres of Wheat & most of it is shocked, there 
is 16 or 18*' which is left untill Tuesday being too green it is 
really fine Wheat there were about 80 Eeapers in the Field. 
We shall have a good Crop of Gates tho our upland Oates are 
Low & too thin our Meadow Oates are so stout & Bank th* I 
fear they will lodge should we have Heavy Eains. Our Potatoes 
in Generall look well, upon enquiery I Hear the Ground 
Worme has not done much damage : Frost has Eeplanted, Eigges 
not, thinking the seaaon not good enough. 

Aug. 14tl» 1772 [197] 

Dr Charley 

I have yrs of the 9*^* ins* by M^" Ashton By the tenor of 
my letter to Jo: Buchanan you will see He ought not to have 
Charged me with the Credit given to D: Carroll, My letter 
will not bear sudi a meanii^. Write Him so by Cap** Eden & 



280 



MABTLAHD HISTOMCAL JCAGAZIHE. 



th* you have or will draw on Mm as if He had not made the 
Charge. I have not nor shall I mention what yon desier may 
be a secret. The English & M"" Irelands mare were taken up 
within 4 miles of B: Towne the 10th ins* & Carryed to M"" 
Eidgelys who sent them to MJ Brooke & I received them the 
12**1. ^0 jia^ a, pretty brisk rain Last Sunday in the After- 
noon it lasted % an hour & was of great Service to everything 
but to the Com in particular. This morning about two a Clock 
we had a smart rain Here, w** did not last above three minutes. 
A soaking Elain is much wanted Especially for the tob° & to 
Enable us proceed in sowing our Wheat & Eye w^ we have 
discontinued for fear of fiering our Corn: 38 Bush^ of Wheat 
are sowed in the Corn field next to the House & 35 Bush: of 
Rye in the Poorest of the Ground of the Corn field next adjoin- 
ing; Eiggs talks of sowing 300 Bush^ of Wheat including all 
the Plantations & says He shall be able to Manage the Harvest- 
ing of it with ease. I have y'^ by Sam who got Here about 
3 o'clock P. M. Johny shall set of to morrow early with Hen 
White the new Gardener who handles His tools well & I think, 
will make a good Kitchen Gardener & an orderly serv* if you 
keep him Constantly employed & do not spoil Him by too much 
indulgence & suffering him to goe into Towne & keeping Idle 
Company. Sam says you had a fine Eain last night & this 
morning. We have some Apearance of a gust now at 5 a Clock. 
We expect to see you & M'"^ Eidout on Tuesday. We are all 
well & give our love to you & Compliments to our Friends 
Especially to M"^^ Eden We again Wish Her a pleasant & 
short passage Health & all the Happiness she wishes. I am 
D' Charley T' mo: Aff* Father 

Oha: Carroll 

Sep' 2d 1772 [198] 

D' Charley 

This is my Dear little Polly's birthday I shall drink Her 
Health, it is odds you will not do so. I sent letter to John 
Line at York last Sunday by Faulk & I expect an answer 



EXTRACTS BEOM THE CARROLL PAPERS. 



281 



by Him in a few days. The last of our tob^ was sent last 
Saturday to tbe Landing vzt 64: bgds weighing net 64913 
beside two Trash hgds w'* are not yet sold. I am told tob* 
is falling at E: E. Landing & tb* last Saturday the best sold 
at 30/ Cw*. We bad a little sprinkle of Eain last night, it 
helps on the tob° w^ is in a thriving way. We b^an to House 
yesterday at this place 12 Cart Loads were brought in. We 
Eeceived from Phi'*' 30 Sides of Soale & 27 d° of Upper leather 
as you wrote for 30 of each, let me know what is Charged. 
Pray send me Orookes letters & about Hugh Eiellys 
Lands w^ Prather &c treated about. 

Sep"^ 4 the little Cart goes downe to morrow with some flour, 
Bridget, Anna & part of Mollys & the Childrens Baggage, I 
shall note at the Bottom of this the things we want. Oap^i 
Ireland & M.^ Deards went to D: C:^ last Wednesday they 
proposed to return Hither to Morrow or Sunday. I have 
delivered a Copy of the inclosed to Cap'' Hanrick send this 
by Ship sailing before or after Hanrick, it incloses a letter to 
M'' Williams. I close this at 8 a Clock P. M theire seems to 
be a Gust with you I am 

Charley Y' mo : Aff* Father 

Oha: Carroll 

Send by the Cart 2"^ 2/ ISTails 
200 R) English Soale Leather 

S^ 6«i 1772 [199] 

Dr Charley 

I have yJ's of the 3ist past & tbe l^t & 4:^^ instant. I am 
sorry to hear you was so unwell, but Hope by Will to Hear 
yovi are quite recovered or at least much better. Let me know 
the Courts determination Hoxton v^ Gardener. When you are 
well & at leisure send me the other Papers relating to New- 
foundland. Without reflection I gave y"" letter to me to Molly, 
I am sorry for it as the Acc* of Her Fathers being Executed 
made Her low spirited & y"" being unwell. We have had no 
Rain since you left us, it is wanted & would be of Great 



282 



MAETLAND HISTOEICAL MAGAZIITE. 



Service to the Young Corn & tob°. If our last Rains liad Come 
8 or 10 days sooner I think they would have added a to our 
Corn & tob° as it is we shall make a good Crop of Both. We 
have filled six Houses & got fiecs in them. If you Resolve to part 
with old Seers Riggs Recommraids an Overseer, determine 
soon & if you do not part with Seers threatten him hardly & 
speak to Him roundly about His Drinking abusing the People 
& every body about Him, il'^ Ashton & in Particular & His 
supplying His Children on the E^^ Shore with Provisions; By 
His agreement He was not to keep more than 20 hoggs on the 
Island. You would do well to speak fully to His son on these 
Heads & to desier Him to let His Father know fully Resolu- 
tion from what Johny may say you may Judge whether old 
Seers sells or gives away Provisions. I send you by Molly 
5% Joes & inclose you £10 Pounds w^ will nigh Pay my 
Parson at 4/ p'' Pol w^^ Clapham told me He would take 
as I payed Him 5/ last year I Can spare the money & may be 
you may watffc it, delay not this as I have sold three & will 
sel 2 more thrash hgds. If you are well I am Happy, God 
grant you Molly & our little ones perfect Health & a very long 
Continuance of it, it is the Hourly wish & Dayly Prayer of 
D' Charley Y' mo: Aff* Father 

Chas. Carroll 

Sep-^ 10^ 1772 [200] 

Dr Charley 

I have y"^ two letters of the G*'' & 8 ins*. I received the 
things you sent by the Cart. Where does Creamer Load? 
knowing th* you may be more Particularly informed about y^ 
Jack Ass, Vzt. when & by what Vessel you may Expect Him: 
I suppose He will Come to E". .York or Philadelphia ; If He 
Comes safe He will be well worth y"" money, if of the size you 
mention. You may be assured D : D : saw the Whole Will As 
Gardener told you He shewed it to Him, Gardener is sufficient 
to Establish the fact, But if you Can Coroberate His say so, so 



EXTEACTS FEOM THE CAEEOLX PAPBES. 



283 



mucli the better. I will write to Dilling. If I Can prevails 
on Kob* Davis I will send Hini to E.un out Carrolls Forrest. 
I am glad to hear Manins promises to doe well, as to His Speed 
no Judgement Can be formed of it untill He is well tryed. I 
Can spare Gates, but Cannot promise to send th™ as you may 
want tbem. Now to j^^ of tbe 8*^ I am very Glad to Hear 
that Molly & the Utile ones arc well, I miss Her & them much, 
But they are where they should be. You may perhaps Recol- 
lect where you put the Papers relating to Newfoundland. It 
is too late to sow the Ground before y'" House, I will not sow 
my Meadow at the Bath tho moist ground this fall; I will 
reserve White Clover & English Grass seed for you to be sowed 
in the Spring. I shall let Eiggs know you intend to keep 
Seers. Will Could not bring up both the Stallions, Clem who 
Carries this will bring up the other: Jacob shall dress & feed 
th™ as you desier, I have spake to Ri^s to see th* He does so. 
I am glad to Hear y'^ Claret is Come, but infinitely more so th* 
you are well. I suppoee Goldsborough will Com© in Octo"^ to 
the Chancery Court for His Hgd: settle the Point with Him. 
I suppose there will be a Judgement ag* Worthingtou this 
Court, order an Execution, I doubt not but the Judgement will 
be for Principall & interest. I send you Lines & sights letters, 
I wrote for the Acc* some time past if they should Come they 
may Reasonably Expect the Acc*. Return the letter & send 
the Acc* by Clem, I have a M° th* Botts's Balance was on the 
23d of May 1771 £386:8:4:% Ster, If Sights Pays it of this 
month, it will amount to nigh £Y00 Curr*. Jos: Johnson Came 
to me last Monday, from 3 o Clock P : M : untill 10, & from 6 
in the Morning on Tuesday untill 2 P: M: I was Closely 
Employed to dispach Him. You will see by the inclosed th* 
y'^ Estate at Monnoccasi has Produced this year upwards of 
£680 ster. I send you £110 as p^ the inclosed List. We had 
a skirting Rain last night w'' lastei about 5 minutes, it now is 
Cloudy & looks like Rain w'* is very much Wanted. Has 
Henderson payed order to West? if so & the Quantity be 
5000, we shall sell 127113 fb Vz* Elk Ridge 64913, Monoccasi 



284 



MAETLAUB HISTOEICAI, MAGAZIITE. 



5Y200 H), I intend to bring the Eeceits witli me to the Kaces 
unless you want them sooner Sept ll*'* it began to Eain last 
night about 11 o Clock & Continued with some short inter- 
missions untill nine this mornina: it was a fine Sober soaking 
Eain. Another Rain some time Hence may be wanted for the 
youngest or smalest tob°. We have at all the Plantations filled 
9 Houses, & Have fiers in them so Eiggs told me last night 
Ashton has fretted His Guts to Fiddle strings about My 
Lucas's Pranks, We have teazed Him not a little, Have Com- 
passion on Him. We are well, I hope to Hear th* you Molly 
& the little ones are ao : My love & Blessing to you all & I am 

Dr Oharley mo : Aflf* Father 

Cha: Carroll 

1TY3 Cur. Ster. 

Serpr 8 To Cash of Jos: Johnson 61:16:10 72:1:5 

To £72:1:5 Ster: is 120: 0: 0 



181:16:10 



By His Commission on 
£181:16:10 at 5 C* 9:1 :10 



172:15: 0 

By d° on Eeceiving 57200 1> 12:10: 0 



160: 5: 0 



By my order to Balser Heck 

for a Horse 14:10: 0 



145:15: 0 



By p* a Judgement to Caspar 

Shaaf 15: 5: 0 



130:10: 0 



EXTRACTS PBOM THE CAJSBOLL PAPEES. 



285 



By pd Sundries for 11321b tob° 
they overpayed in their 
hgds to make them Heavy at 



30^ pr C* 


16:19: 6 




113:10: 6 


By pd Waggoning 2 hgds 


0:15: 0 




112:15: 6 


By Cash to my son by 




Ashton 


110: 0: 0 



2:15: 6 
Cash sent by M.^ Ashton. 

17 Half Joes £51: 5: 0 

3 Guineas 5: 5: 0 

Cash inclosed 

10 8 Dollar Bills 30: 0: 0 

5 6 Dollar d° 11: 5: 0 

4 4 Dollar 6: 0: 0 
8 2 Dollar d" 6: 0: 0 
1 Dollar d° 0: 7: 6 
1 Third of a Dollar 0:2:6 



£110: 0: 0 



Sept iith i'j>j2 4 a Clock P. M. [201] 

Dr Charley 

We have had two or three little Eains since nyne in the 
morning. All the Eains have been Accompanyed with thunder, 
tho not loud severe or nigh us. I believe these Rains have heen 
pretty Generall & it looks as if we should have more. It is 
fine Warme growing Weather. I have made a Walk between 
the Bath & the bottom of the Vineyard, Whenn Completed it 
will look well, it extends all along the Bottom of the Vineyard. 
If Clem Can Conveniently hring it send me a Piece of Hair 



286 



MAEYLAOTJ HISTOEICAL MAGAZINE. 



Oloth & let me know how many yards in a Piece. Our Wheat 
& Eye are Oome up well & will in a few days make our Corn 
fields look like meadows. I am 

Charley Y« &c 

Cka: Carroll 

P. S. Cap** Hanrick took His leave 
of us yesterday 

Pray make my Compliments to M"" Eoh* G-oldshorough if He 

Can spare the time & it is agreeable to Him it would give me 
Pleasure to see Him Here. Tel Him this is not a meer 
Compliment, I think the Jaunt would do Him good 

SepT 17th 1772 [2023 

Dr Cliarley 

I gave Eagges orders to get y' Eammers & Iron wedges ready, 
as soon as possible. Eobert Davis is the only Surveyor within 
my reach. If you make a Continued slope from the Gate to 
the wash house, I apprehend the Quantity of Water in great 
Eains going th* way may prove very inconvenient, I think 
you Aould make as much of th* Eoade as you Can with a fall 
to the Street. We have not had the least frost Here but a very 
fine Eain all yesterday & it being very warm to day everything 
but Com will be greately benefitted by it, & the youngest Com 
may be helped. Tob* growes surprizingly, so does the Wheat 
& Eye. The Corn field before the House looks like a meadow 
the Wheat entierly Covering the ground, the Tops & Blades 
in til* field are gathered. I desiered you to lay by for me 6 
Bushels of Spelts, if you have forgot it, get th™ Eeady before 
the Eaces, th* they may Come up in my Waggon. As you say 
nothing about it, I fear you did not take the trouble to make 
my Compliment to M' Goldsborough, I wish you had. Old 
Christie & Do"" Lyon left me this morning, they stayed two 
nights. The Boy Antony who was so ill when you was Here 
dyed this morning, Howard opened Him & told me He was 
filled w*'^ worms, it is od the Faculty Cannot stumble on an 
Effectuall Vermifuge, most Begroee are killed by tk€m. 



BXaaUOTS VMOM TH3B OAJWOIX PAPBBS. 



28Y 



Sep"^ IStli I went to Ellicotts Mil this momiag, He said it 
did not sute His Business to Grind at a Certain price by the 
Bushell, He offerd to grind for Tol with the Stones vf^ doe 
Country Work but the flour then would not be of the best, I 
therefore bespoke two Barrills of Superfine w^ I will send you 
before the Eaces. Y"" stone Wedges are not done the Smiths 
being out a Coaling : to prevent Mistakes either send a Model 
or the dimentions of th™ vzt how many Inches long How Broad 

5 the thickness of the Head. I hope to Hear th* little MoUy 

6 all of you are well. My love & Blessing to you aU. 
I am 

IF Chajley Mo: Aff* Eather 

Cha: Carroll 

P. S. Is there a Judgement ag* Worthington ? Have we be«n 
successful in the Lottery? our l^umbCTS Run from 3621 to 
3640 inclusive 

Sep' 22d 1772 [203] 

Charley 

I have y""^ of the 19*^1^ by Clem. The fall in y'' yard as you 
describe it, is as I would have it. I wish you had delivered 
my Message to M"^ Goldsborough for allJio He Could not C<nne 
the invitation must have been agreable to Him as He must 
have thought it (as it really was) Cordiall. You or M'' Deards 
forgot to send the last Maryland Gazet, Magazines, & English 
news papers w'* you say you send by Clem, However I have 
seen the Parody & the Eegulator, they in my Opinion Contain 
much abuse & very little or no reasoning. Consequently I 
think the Authors will gain no Credit by them but will make 
personall Enemies. I suppose the Register in Chancery if 
appointed to state the Acc*^ between Digges & me, was so by 
Petition or Motion from Digges, for I think the Chancellor 
would not have done it Suo Moto. If the Court is not over. 
Pray tell Johnson earnestly to press for interest on Worthing- 
tons debt, it is as I am informed the Practice of the Courts 



288 



aCAETXAKB HISTOBICAI, XA^t^AZUTB. 



to give it on Merchants open Acc*^ from the end of the usuall 
Credit. Wheat is a ready money Commodity & of Course the 
Interest should be allowed from the Delivery of it. As Worth- 
ington has staved of Judgement as long as Possible, I hops 
J ohnson Has not taken a Judgement with a stay of Execu- 
tion as soon as the Court is over. Pray present my Compli- 
ments to Carroll & His Lady & tell th"^ I rejoice on their 
safe arival, if He has given you any news or Anecdotes Com- 
municate them in y^ next. I will send you some Gates by the 
Wagon or little Cart the 5^ of Octo''. But Eiggs says few if 
any more Can be sent, as the working Horses at all the Plan- 
tations & strangers Horses have been fed with the Common 
Gates, & the best Gates arc reserved for seed at all the Plan- 
tations. I am glad to Hear Marius grows a fine Horse & Hope 
He will Reimburse y' Annuall subscription to the Jockey Club. 
The Iron Wedges are done. I shall with this send as many of 
them as the Boy Can Conveniently Carry. The wood is got 
for y' Rammers as I suppose they are not immediately wanted 
the wood had better lay as long as may be to seascm, the Rings 
otherways will be apt to slip off. I am pretty Certain I shall 
sel my Wheat to EUicot, but then what will you do for 2*^^, the 
2*^^ of the Wheat ground for us is used Here, & Gur fine flour 
makea as good Bread as I wish for. Our Crops of all Sorts 
are promising, it now Rains & is warmer, if it Breaks up so 
we shall have a good Crop of tob^ may be between 80 & 100 
hgds. If Paeas Goldsborough's &c opinion should prevail, it 
will doubtless prove a Happy incident to Maryland, th* the 
Parsons Have been so Craving. You promised to send me 
Conrad Botts Ace*, Pray let me Have it by the Bearer. 

Sep': It rained hard Tuesday evening last & almost 

all th* night w'^ we did not want; It did some small damage 
to the turfing of my Ditches at the Vineyard Meadow & washed 
our tob° so thin th* we have been obliged to discontinue Housing 
tob° untill this day, to give it time to Recover its substance, 
little of it will be standing tomorrow Senight if the weather 
prove dry, We Have at this time as Riggs tells me Housed half 
th* Crop: We shall get in aU our 'Corn Pother by the middle 



SXTKAOTS ^itOH TSJt OmmOIJl, fifSBS. 289 

of next week or near all. Jos: Elgar Came Here last Monday 
& went away yesterday at noon. He has set my Cyder Mill 
to Rigkts Ske Grinds at a great rate & well, ten times more 
than I Can press in a day, my press at present is inconvenient 
being Placed too high that defect I can rectify by sinking it 
about 3 feet & I intend to doe it ag* next Season. Our wheat 
& Rye every where looks Charmingly. I am apprehensive it 
will be too thick & Joint if the weather proves warme, I think 
it promises at present to Prove so. If you want turnips say 
so, I can send some very good ones. I shall send you nigh a 
Bush : of Walnuts a Veal an Ox &c &c. the Ox will goe Hence 
the 29*^ ins*. I was aorxj by Mollys to Her mother to hear 
she was out of order, by the Boy I hope to Hear you are all well. 
I at present propose to he with you the 2^ of Octo"^. My love & 
Blessing to you all. I am 

Dr Charley Yr Mo: AfF* Father 

Cha: Carroll. 

Sep' 28^^ 1772 [204] 

Charley, 

I have y" of the 26*^ ins* by Clem. I think Ja^ Brooke 
will be a proper person to state the Acc*^ between Digges & me 
I will reserve 15 Bushels of my best Oates for you to sowe. 
I hope to find Molly quite well, I Heartily wish Her so. Benj. 
Sights was with me the 26*^ instant, it was lucky He did not 
insist on a Sight of Botts Ace*, which Came to Hand yes- 
terday. He payed me £185 Ourr*. I will pay you £100 part 
of it, the Rest I hope will serve me until next Spring : Under- 
neath you Have Botts Acct. stated to settle y'' Books. A fine 
Ox sets of tomorrow, He as they tell me has been fed since last 
fall & of Course will turn out very fine meat. We are well, I 
hope this will find you all so. My love & Blessing to you all 
& to Molly in Particular & tell Her to Kiss our dear little Girls 
for me. I am C Charley, 

Tr Mo: Aflft Father 

Cha: CarroU. 



290 MAETLAiiffi MimmaeAJu m-AmmiKM. 



1772 


Conrade Bott 








May. 23d 


To Ballance 


£409 


: 12: 


1 


Sect 26 




Q 


• t * 


1 1 

JL J- 


1772 


Or 


418 


: 0: 


0 


SepT 26 


By £185: 0: 0 Curr* is at 66% 












111 


: 0: 


0 




By Ball« Charged O 


307 


: 0: 


0 






418 


: 0: 


0 




Octo': 14: 1772 


[205] 





Dr Charley, 



I send you the enclosed Acc*^ by w'' you may settle those 
Accts. with you. Poor Billing had got the money ready last 
fal to Pay me But Broke His leg by a fall from His Horse, He 
spent all the money on Doctors who at last Cut of His Leg, He 
proposes this fall to Mortgage His Land to me as a better 
security. On the Back of the Acc*^ you will see some things 
I want Pray do not forget to write for th™ to Come with the 
Goods Marked ER. you forgot to give me the Courses of the 
Original tract on w'' the BSesurvey of the widows •Cost was 
Founded: I Gave you the Certificate of the Widows Cost 
return it with the Courses of the Original tract — Send me 
Billing's Bond, I will Carry downe His New Bond. 

Octo"^ IQ^ Inclosed you Have, an Acc* of Wheat & Eye 
sowed & tobo Housed. The 271/2 Houses I think will turn out 
upwards of 80 hgds as 6 Houses under Higgs's Care Have been 
Rehung & all the Houses under His Care very well filled as 
He says. Whether any of the Houses's imder Frosts Care are 
rehung I know not. Our Tops & Blades were every where in, 
when I Came Homo & all the tob° Could Have been Housed, 
But the Weathra- favouring they let it stand to be quite Eipe. 
Every day we have had very damp foggy morning, fiers Have 



been kept to prevent House burning. E,igges has nigh stripped 
a House a good deal of it fine as you will see by the Samples I 
send you: You will take an opportunity of shewing it to West, 
Eiggs says He thinks we shall have severall hgds of fine. Next 
week we shall begin to take up our Potatoes, I think there will 
be a good Crop of them. The walk at the Bottom of the Vine^ 
yard is finished & the slope from it towards the meadow Turfed. 
The turfing of the Ditches is Repaired & I hope will stand as 
this growing Weather wiU enable the Boots of tiie grass to take 
a strong Hold of the Banks all our grain Sowed looks well & 
so does the Indian Corn where the ground is tollerably good & 
I am in Hopes we shall make a good Crop of it. Our next 
Business is to prepare for the Ensuing Crop by Grubing Clear- 
ing Ploughing &c &c. I shall he short in Cyder, My apples 
wer stolen & much diminished by my Absence: A man whose 
dependance is on the Produce of His Plantation, Cannot I see 
be long or often absent from it. As I want 2 Pieces of Cotton, 
Wool Madeira wine I send the wagon. If you Have Bottled y"" 
Claret let me 12 Bottles as Coll Sharp may Call, it will be 
enough to last me untill I goe downe for the Winter: I write 
to M"" Deards for these things I Hope to Hear you are all well 
& th* Molly has got rid of Her Cold & Kecover'd from the 
Fatigue of Her Company & Kakeing. I miss you all my D"^ 
little Molly wanted to Come with us My love & Blessing to you 
all May you enjoy Good Health & he perfectly Happy, th* is 
as happy as Mortalls Can be. I am Charley 

Yr Mo: Afft Father 

Cha: Carroll. 

P. S. I hope the shoes now sent will doe service Eigges tels 
me they are very good Pray give the inclosed Acc* to M"^ J ohn- 
son & desier Him to send a Writ & Declaration immediately 
ag* Masters, th* my Claim may be bwaght as soon as Possible 
to a determination 



2^ UASTLASD HISTOKIOAZ. UAQAZUXM. 



1T71 Jo8. Elgar 








May 8*^ To BalP 


£82: 


13: 


101/4 


Oct. 8**^ To 5 mcHitiis Int* t3i«reoii 


2: 


1: 


41/4 


1771 0' 


84: 


15: 




Octo^ 8 By Building a Syder Mill press &c 


30: 


0: 


0 


1772 Dr 








Octo"^ 8 To one years Int* thereon 


3: 


5: 


8% 



58: 0:11 



1771 ■ James Billing D' Curr* 

Aug* 9*"! To ojie yeara Int* thei«on 2:16: 8I4 

50: 1: 81/2 

1772 or 

Aug* 9 By yr Bond for Ball* £50: 1: 81/2 

tvTO substantial! Square Mahogany tables each 4 feet 4 Inches 
Broad & 5 feet 6 Inches long Exactly of a Height & so Con- 
trived as upon Occasion to be fixed togeattor & make one table 
with substantiall leggs. 

1 ps of fine Irish Holland at 4/6 about 20 yards 
5 yards of yard wide fine & thick Musling 
E: K 

If you have not a good many drum lines by you or have not 
wrote for th™ doe so. I shall want a Dz^ for my Ditchers, at 
the Vineyard &c. Send me two by the Bearer. 

-innn \ A f -c wi j. j Ty Tobacco Tobotobe Wheat Eye 

1773 An Ace* of \\ heat and Eye ^^^^^ Housed Sowed Sowed 

Oct. 15. Sowed, tob^ Housed & to be 

Housed Bush Bush 

At Frosts 20 20 

At Organers & Glens 14^^ 10 10 

At Marshalls 14 8 

At Sams 10 10 



IS MBHOBIAM. 



293 



At Eiggs's 5 Eehung 5 1 46 50 

At Moses's 2 12 20 

At Suckys 1 Eehung 2 Y 14 

At Clarks 96 



At Jacobs . 3 215 132 



6 Busts of Spelts are sowed 26^^ 
at Frosts 11 



27y2 

Bush^ of Barley sowed 
at Ckrks 



IN MEMOEIAM 



II 

Olive Thomas Beatjchamp, 1st Lieut, 27tli Aero Squadron, 
IT. S. A. 

Bom at Princess Anne, Md., November 5, 1897. 
Killed in action, Ifesle Woods, France, August 1, 1918. 

Olive ThoTnas Beauchamp, was the son of the late Olive 
Beauchamp and Ida I. Beauchamp and brother of Mildred 
Beauchamp, L. Preston Beauchamp, J. Eoger Beauchamp and 
Sydney H. Beauchamp. 

He received his early education from the public school of 
Princess Anne, Md. He then enrolled at Tome Institute, Port 
D^osit, Md., and after remaining two years, entered Mercers- 
burg Academy, Mercersburg, Pa. Subsequently he took a 
course at Puree Business School, Philadelphia, Pa., which 
school he was attending at the time of enlistment. 

One month after the declaration of war he enlisted in the 
Aviation Corps as a cadet (flying status), and was assigned to 



294 



MAETLAWD XJBWHttOAI. MAGAZINE. 



Ohio State University at whicli institution lie received his 
ground training in preparation for flying. 

On October 8, 191Y, he sailed for Europe vritli one of tlie 
first Aero Squadrons landing at Liverpool, England, October 
22nd, and after a short training virent to France where he com- 
pleted his course and was commissioned Ist Lieutenant. 

Lieut. Beauchamp immediately took up active service, his 
first assignment being in defense of Paris. While engaged in 
this work he had numOTOis perilous escapes and is credited 
with twoi Boche planes. 

On July 23rd, he was transferred to the 27th Aero Squadron, 
1st Pursuit Group and took part in the drive at the second battle 
of the Mame, on which front he was killed Augwt 1, 1918, 
while attacking a German foxmaticoi of forty planes, falling 
well within the German lines. 

On August l7th, a grave was found with a small cross marked 
with Lieut. Beauehamp's name. This grave was near a small 
town named Dole, about six kilometers northeast of Fere-en- 
Tardenois. Lieut. Beauehamp's grave was fenced in and a 
large wooden cross placed on it by membws of the 27th Aero 
Squadron. 



Ohaeles J. Blawkfaed, Je., Corporal 117th Trraich Mortar 
Battery. 

Bom at Baltimore, Md., November 8, 1898. 

Killed in action. Baccarat, France, April 28, 1918. 

Charles J. Blankfard, J r., was the son of Charles J. Blank- 
fard and Julia A. Blankfard of 3404 "Windsor avenue, Balti- 
more, Md., and brother of Madeline F. Blankfard, F. Byrne 
Blankfard, George G. Blankfard, and Roger J. Blankfard. 

He attended the public schools of Baltimore city graduating 
from the Baltimore City College in 1916. For one year he was 
employed by a construction engineers firm, enlisting at the 
outbreak of the war iniJie 117^ TrMicJi Moartar Battery. He 



sailed for France October 18, 1917 as a member of the famous 
Rainbow Division and arrived at St. Nazaire October 31. 

He was killed at Baccarat, France, April 23, 1918 and was 
awarded (postbumous) tbe following Divisional citation, 

"The late Corporal Charles J. Blankfard, 117th Trench 
Mortar Battery : — that bis conduct on the occasion of an enemy 
raid on our trenches on tbe morning of March 5, 1918 when be 
directed the fire of his piece until all ammunition on band was 
exhausted and then led his men through the barrage along a 
communicating trench, a distance of at least fifty meters, where 
be reported to the French commander and continued y^ith. bis 
squad to carry ammunition for the French during the remain- 
der of tbe engagement had been brought to the Divisional Com- 
mander's personal attention and that be considers Corporal 
Blankfard's performance of duty on this occasion worthy of tbe 
highest commendation. He regards his action in lihe face of 
tbe enemy gallant, an example to his comrades in arms and 
characteristic of that splendid standard upon which the tradi- 
tions of our military establishment are founded. 

" Walter E. Powers, 
" Major, N. G., Adjtd<mt-Cfenerdlj 

Dividomi AdjietmA, 42n<Z Division." 



Fbbdeeick Campbei,!, Colstow, Captain, 155th Art. Brigade, 
A. E. F. 

Bom in Baltimore, Md., January 25, 1884. 

Died of pneumonia, Fromereville, France, Nov. 19, 1918. 

Frederick 0. Colston was the son of Frederick M. Colston 
and Clara C. Colston, and- brother of George A. Colston, John 
A. Colston, Mrs. Hugh H. Toung, Mrs. John B. "Wiitehead, 
Mrs. Wyatt W. Randall, and Mrs. Wm. Ellis Coale. 

He received bis early education at the University School, 
Baltimore, and tbe Lawrenceville School, J. He then at- 
tended Yale University, graduating in the class of 1904, later 



296 



KABTLAim HISTOBICAX ItjkaAZIKE. 



taking the law course at tihe University of Maryland, wliere lie 
received Ms diploma in 1906. From 1906 until the outbreak 
of the war he was a member of the law firm of Venable, Baetjer 
& Howard. 

Captain Colston was a former member of Battery A, and 
obtained his discharge to become a member of the First Officers' 
Training Schol at Fort Myer, from which he graduated with 
the rank of Captain. He spent the winter of 1917 at Camp 
Lee, Virginia, leaving for overseas service with the Eightieth 
Division, to which his regiment was attached and he was in 
nearly all of the important actions on the Argonne front during 
lihe last six months of the war. 

There are few Baltimoreans who had more friends or whose 
interests and sympathies were more selected than those of 
" Fred " Colston, as he was known to his intimates. He had 
achieved national reputation as tramis player, first at Tale, 
where he distinguished himself in intercollegiate matches and 
later in tournaments, notably those at Newport and Longwood. 
For several years he held the tennis championship of Mary- 
land, find he was considered at one time to rank fifth among th« 
amateur players of the country. He was one of the most prom- 
ising young lawyers in Baltimore and devoted much attention 
to his profession. At the same time he found it poisible to 
enter into many social pleasures and to cultivate a real taste 
and discriminating a|^)xeciation for all that was best in music 
and art. 

He died of pneumonia eight days after the armistice and it 

is thought by his family that the hardships incident upon the 
last days of the battle had probably undermined his strength. 
He was buried at Fromereville, France. 



HT MEMOEIAM. 



297 



Cteil Augustine Emoet, Private, Battery B, 128th Field 
Artillery, 35th Division. 
Bom in Baltimore, Md., 1891. 
Killed m action, Ohaipentry, France. 

Cyril Augustine Emory was the only son of Augustine Walsh 
Emory and the late Kose Cassidy Emory and brother of Mrs. 
Bruard L. Maguire. 

He received his early education at Calvert Hall, Baltimore, 
and on his graduation, entered Loyola College going thence to 
Niagara University of ITiagara Falls, New York. In the spring 
of 1912, he enlisted in the army and was assigned to the 13th 
Cavalry serving on the Mexican border for three years, being 
honorably discharged from the service in January, 1915 at El 
Paso, Texas. On his return to Baltimore he became associated 
with the firm of G. A. Hax & Company remaining with them 
until enlisting in the Field Artillery February 6, 1918. While 
he was in Baltimore he was a member of the Immaculate Con- 
ception Church and also a member of the Baltimore Council, 
Knights of Columbus, and an active member of the Christmas 
Club. 

Duo to his previous military experience, Private Emory was 
BOOH sent to France as a member of Battery B, 128tb Field 
Artillery, leaving New York on May 20th and arriving in Eng- 
land, June 4th. From England the battery moved to Fenain, 
France, at which place they were trained and became efficient 
in the 75mm. machine gun. Leaving this area on August 15th 
they proceeded to G^rardmer (Vosges Sector) and on the 21st 
went into their first gun position. Durinr^ tie next two months 
Private Emory saw active service both on the St. Mihiel and 
the Argonne Sector. 

On the afternoon of September 20th near Charpentry while 
fusing and carrying ammunition he was struck in the temple 
by a flying shell fragment. Private Emory was buried in a 
courtyard at Charpentry by Father Tieman of the 129th Field 
Artillery. A small lot containing about thirty Americans is 
marked at that village and a cross has been placed over the 
grave by his comrades. 



298 



MAKYLAND HISTOKICAL MAGAZINE. 



Geemakt Hoetokt Htjitt Emoey, Major, 320 Infantry. 
Born . 

Killed in action, November 1, 1918. 

German H. H. Emory was the son of the late William H. 
Emory and Mrs. Emory of " Grey Kbck," Baltimore Comity, 
and brother of William H. Emory, Jr., John Brooks Emory, 
Laura Hunt Emory, Mrs. William Westervelt, and Mrs. S. 
Proctor Brady. His wife was Miss Lucy S. Stump. She 
survives him, with their three children, Gferman H. H., Jr., 
Kichard, and Morris Soper Emory. 

'Major Emory was educated at schools in Baltimore, and at 
the Hill School, near Pottstown, Pa., and then entered the law 
school of the University of !^^aTyland. He was graduated from 
that institution before reaching 21 years of age. He had imme- 
diate success at the bar, and for a time was Assistant City Soli- 
citor. About eight years ago he formed a partnerehip with 
Morris A. Soper, now Chief Judge of the Suprenie Bench of 
Baltimore City. When Judge Soper went on the bench, Major 
Emory became a mranber of the firm of Erank, Emory & Becuw- 
kes, his associates being Eli Frank and C. John Beeuwkes. 
Major Emory was offered the Democratic nomination for Judge 
of the Supreme Court last year. He had entertained for several 
years an ambiti<Hi to go on the bench, but he declined to become 
a candidate, stating to the lawyers who called on him that he 
expected to enter the Army. That was at the time when he had 
applied for the Fort Myer camp. 

Major Emory was (me oi the few m^ who came out of the 
first officers' training camp with captaincies. He was ordered 
to Camp Lee, Va., where he spent nearly a year. While at 
Oamp Lee, he was promoted to Major. In the late spring, when 
troops were being rushed to France his contingent was sent over. 

On ISTovember 1, 1918, he was killed while leading his bat- 
talion up the north slope of the Ravine aux Pierres through 
heavy machine gun aad shell fire. 

For his extraordinary heroism during the attack he was 
awarded the D. S. C. on NaveKtber 20, 1918. 



IN MBMOBIAM. 



299 



All of the local courts wHcli were in session adjourned in 
respect to Ms memory and memorial services were held in the 
United States District Court 



Charles Joseph Holmes, Ensign, TJ. S. Navy. 
Bom at Boston, Mass., Augost 16, 1873. 
Lost on Navy collier " Cyclops." 

Charles Joseph, Holmes, son of the late Walter Holmes and 
Mary Holmes, of Liverpool, England, is survived by his wife, 
Iva Ami Holmes and three boys, Harold N., J. Miltrai, and 
Charles J oseph. He also was the brother of Alfred S. Holmes. 

First went to sea when he was eleven years old as a mid- 
shipman on the ship Stratton Audley, where he served for six 
years, until he reached the position of chief mate. When he 
left this ship he became Captain of the sailing ship " Glory of 
the Seas." Made rim from Shanghai, China, to New York in 
72 days, a record never equalled before or since. Later went 
to the Great Lakes and swved two years on the Charlemagne 
Tower, Jr., then took command of the steamer Calluta, the 
largest freighter on the Lakes. During the war between Hayti 
and Santo Domingo he was Admiral of the Haytian Navy and 
as such defeated the Navy of Santo Domingo. During the win- 
ter of 1896-1897, Captain Holmes was in command of the fili- 
buster Libre, carrying arms and ammunition from the United 
States to Cuba. Went to Alaska in 1907 with some of the first 
gold-hunters. Was Captain of the Royal Mail steamer, " Wil- 
lie Irging," carrying mail on the Yukon River from Dawson 
to White Horse Rapids. Later commanded the yacht laler on 
the Ghreat Lakes wMdh went down in a cyclone with many of 
those on board. After this went on a treasure-himting expedi- 
tion to St. Pierre, Martinique and other West Lidian ports. 
Later took up newspaper work and made a second gold-hunting 
trip to the South Seas. 

At the outbreak of the war he enlisted in the Navy and was 
soon appointed boatswain, acting in this capacity for six months 



300 



MAEXLAND HISTOEICAL MAGAZIITE. 



when he was promoted to the raiik of ensign and assigned to the 
collier, Cyclops, which was lost at sea between March 4 and 
April 15, 1918. 



Waltee J, RoGBES, Sergeant, 313th Infantry. 
Bom at Baltimore, Md., October 2nd, 1895. 
Killed in action, Montfaucon, France. 

Walter J. Sogers was the son of "William C. Rogers and 
Lillian May Eogers and brother of Edwin A. Rogers, Mrs. 
Stella N"edwell and Edna Lackard. 

At the time of his induction into the service he was a machin- 
ist at the Bartlett Hayward plant where he had been employed 
since 1914. He reported to Camp Meade on September 28, 
1917 being amongst the first contingent of drafted men to 
report. Immediately being assigned to Co. L, 313th Infantry. 
After nine months' training he was sent overseas as Sergeant 
having been twice promoted. 

He was killed exactly one year after entering the service at 
Montfaiioon, IVance, while gallantly leading his company up 
the north slope of Mont Faucon, he having taken charge of the 
company due tO' the fact that all the officers had either been 
killed or wounded. 



Ratmoitd Edgar Ross, Private, 313th Infantry, Co. G. 
Bom at Aldino, Harford Co., Md., March 22, 1895. 
Killed in action at Montfaucon, France, October 14, 1918. 

Baymond Edgar Ross, son of S. Lindley Ross and Ada Won- 
ders Ross of Hartford Co., Md., and brother of Roy W. Ross, 
Shirley L. Ross, Bertha E. Ross, Hazel G. Ross, Lena A. Roee, 
and H. Ellsworth Ross. 

His early life was spent on his father's farm in Harford Co., 
Maryland where he continued to reside until his twenty-second 
birthday at which time he obtained a position as mechanic in 



ISr MIBilOEIAM. 



30t 



the Bartlett & Haywajd ajmnuiiition plant, remaining tkere 
until drafted the latter part of May, 1918. He wae sent to 
Oamp Meade and assigned to tie 313tli Infantry. After a 
six weeks' course lie sailed for France on the Leviathan, July 
8, 1918 arriving at Brest, July 15. 

Due to his adaptability he was made a scout and served as 
such with absolute fearlessness and made a fine record as a sol- 
dier. He was killed in action at Montfaucon, October 14, 1918. 



William Matthew Rtjaek, Corporal, Marine Ghin Co., 
110th Infantry. 

Born at Cambridge, Md., 1890. 

Killed in action, October 4, 1918. 

William Matthew Bttarh was the son of William W. Kuark 
and brotber of Luke W. Ruark, Eeulah M. !Baark, Julia S. 
Ruark, and Olive Ruark. 

He received his early education in the public schools of Cam- 
bridge, Md., and at the age of ten he entered Goldey College, 
Wilmington, Del., graduating in 1910. Tor two years he re- 
mained in this city when his firm transferred him to Chester, 
Pa., in which city he remained until enlisting in the National 
Ghiards of Pennsylvania, June 1917. For one year he went 
through intensive training at Augusta, Georgia, sailing fOT 
France in August 1918. 

Corporal Ruark after a short intensive training in France 
was assigned to the 110th Infantry and was in the heaviest ocf 
the fighting in the Argonne offensive, fighting for eight days 
and nights without rest After the 110th obtained a twcMiay 
rest they were ordered back into battle. On the second day at 
dawn Corporal Ruark was killed instantly by a bursting shell, 
October 4, 1918. 



7 



802 



MARYLAND HISTOEIOAL MAGAZINE. 



JoHW Reading Schley, Is* Lieutenant, Aviation Signal Corps 
Service, U. S. A. 
Bom in Frederick, Md., October 12, 1894. 
Killed at Issoudun, France, October 22, 1918. 

J ohn Beading Schley^ was the son of Steiner and Lillian F. 
(Knnkel) Schley. His paternal grandparents were Dr. Faii^ 
fax and Anne Eebeoca Louisa (Steiner) ScHey, and his mater- 
nal grandfather was John Baker Kunkel of Catoctin Furnace. 
On his mother's side he was descended from John Eeading, one 
of the Colonial Governors of New Jersey. His mother and a 
sister survive him. 

He received his early education at the Frederick Academy, 
l^ally known as Frederick College, from which he was gradu- 
ated at the head of his claas in 1912. He completed his pre- 
paratory course at Mercersburg, (Pa.) Academy, where he was 
graduated in 1915. As a boy he became a member of the Evan- 
gelical Reformed Church of Frederick and he was much inter- 
ested in the work of the T. M. C. A., spending several summer 
vacations at a camp conducted by one of the Secretaries of that 
organization on Lake Geoi^^ N. Y. He was strong, well built, 
and excelled in athletic sports. Popular among his associates 
he was high-minded and honorable. In the autumn of 1915, he 
entered Lehigh TJniversity, expecting to take a four years' 
course in electro-metallurgy. He was initiated into the Sigma 
Phi Fraternity. At the end of his freshman year, trouble with 
his eyes caused him to intermit his studies and to take up work 
in one of the foundries in South Bethlehem, Pa. 

War with Germany was declared on April 6, 1917 and on 
April 12 he enlisted in the New York Naval Reserves as cox-- 
swain on a submarine chaser. He became very weary waiting 
to be placed on active duty and, at his request, he was trans- 
ferred to the Aviation Signal Corps Service at Fort Myer, Va., 
on Au^st 18, 1917. He was then sent to the United States 
School of Aeronautics at the Georgia Institute of Technology 
at Atlanta and received his diploma as flying cadet, from the 
Department, on October 19, 1917. On October 26, he was sent 



NOTE. 



303 



to France to be trained to fly but as no American aeroplanes 
were in France and no arrangements had been made with the 
French government to supply tiiem, he was held in camp, at 
Tours and St. Maxient, until the spring of 1918, when arrange- 
ments were made to train him and other flying cadets on th« 
French flying fields. He was commissioned First Lieutenant 
on May 18, 1918 and spent the summer and autumn at Cha- 
teauroux and Issoudun. He returned from a short leave spent 
on the Eiviera, and was instantly killed at Issoudun on October 
22, 1918, when his machine struck the ground on hie return 
from a prac^ce flif ht. 



NOTES 



Through the kindness of Professor Archibald Henderson, of 
the University of ITorth Carolina, we are able to identify 
another of the persons mentioned by Dr. Henry Barnard in 
his narrative of his travels in the South Atlantic States in 1833, 
which was recently printed in the Magaavm. On pages 336 
and 337 of Volume 13 in the number for December 1918, refer- 
ence is made to Mrs. General Street and her granddaughter, at 
Salisbury, N. C. The name Street is evidently mistakenly read 
for Stiele or Steel. Mrs. Steel was the widow of General John 
Steel, who was a member of Congress and Comptroller of the 
United States Treasury under "Washington, Adams and Jeffer- 
son, and died in 1815. Mrs. Steel died on August 19, 1843. 
Her granddaughter, bom December 30, 1819, was Mary Steel 
Ferrand.